Efficacy and safety of therapy with lymphoblastoid interferon-α alone or combined with deflazacort has been investigated in 38 HBsAg-HBeAg+ patients with biopsy-proven chronic hepatitis. Group I received 5MU/m 2 interferon thrice a week for 26 weeks; group II took interferon for 26 weeks simultaneously with a 6-week course of deflazacort. Follow-up was 18-72 months (median 42). After 12 months, responses were achieved in 3 (18%) out of 17 patients on interferon alone vs 5 (26%, p > 0.05) out of 19 on combined therapy. Blind histological assessment revealed no improvement in either group or in patients who responded to therapy within the first year of follow-up ('early responders'). 'Delayed' responses were observed in 4 (29%) patients who took interferon alone vs 5 (36%, p > 0.05) who took the combined therapy. Serum HBV DNA levels decreased significantly during treatment and remained low up to 24 and 36 months of follow-up in both groups. One early responder developed hepatocellular carcinoma, another had exacerbation of liver disease in long-term follow-up. No non-responders developed liver failure or hepatocellular carcinoma. These results indicate that lymphoblastoid interferon-α inhibits HBV replication and corticosteroids have no synergistic effect in treatment of HBsAg-HBeAg+ chronic hepatitis.
|Titolo:||Treatment of chronic hepatitis B (HBeAg/HBV-DNA-positive) with lymphoblastoid alpha interferon with or without corticosteroids: short-and long-term follow-up|
|Parole Chiave:||Chronic hepatitis B; Corticosteroids; Interferon|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|