Diabetes-induced embryo malformations and growth retardation are correlated with a variety of biochemical changes including oxidative stress. In this study, we show that the morphological alterations are correlated with progressive and selective changes of mRNA expression in specific neurotrophic factors. At embryological stage E-17, diabetes affected both embryo growth and NGF mRNA expression, which was reduced by as much as 90 and 56% in target tissues of sensory system such as tongue and intestine, respectively. The reduction in retina and heart was around 50%, Conversely, the mRNA expression of low-affinity neurotrophin receptor p75 was increased. At birth, BDNF mRNA expression was affected with a significant generalized reduction,while in vibrissae we observed a reduction of BDNF and p75 mRNAs and an increase of NGF. At postnatal day 14, pups from diabetic mothers showed reduced muscle levels of IGF-I, while we observed a partial impairment of substance P axonal transport at postnatal day 28, Treatment of diabetic mothers with silybin, a flavonoid with antioxidant properties, prevented most of the changes in neurotrophic factor expression and substance P axonal transport with no effects on hyperglycemia and embryo growth retardation. These results indicate that oxidative stress may influence neurotrophic factor synthesis in target territories during development. In addition, these data suggest that nervous system abnormalities observed in diabetic embryopathy may also derive by insufficient neurotrophic factor biosynthesis involving sequentially NGF in the embryo and BDNF and IGF-I in the early postnatal days, Insulin treatment of diabetic mothers normalized hyperglycemia and body growth, with consequent regular embryonic and postnatal development. (C) 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Progressive and selective changes in neurotrophic factor expression and substance P axonal transport induced by perinatal diabetes: Protective action of antioxidant treatment / E. Germani, E. Lesma, A. Di Giulio, A. Gorio. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0360-4012. - 57:4(1999), pp. 521-528.
|Titolo:||Progressive and selective changes in neurotrophic factor expression and substance P axonal transport induced by perinatal diabetes: Protective action of antioxidant treatment|
LESMA, ELENA ANNA (Secondo)
DI GIULIO, ANNA MARIA (Penultimo)
GORIO, ALFREDO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Brain-derived neurotrophic factor; Diabetic neuropathy; Embryopathy; Flavonoids; IGF-I; Nerve growth factor; Substance P|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4547(19990815)57:4<521::AID-JNR11>3.0.CO;2-B|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|