The effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on the maturation and subsequent development of cattle oocytes in vitro were evaluated in three experiments. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) were collected from cattle ovaries and matured for 20-24 in control medium or in medium containing 50 ng EGF ml-1, 100 ng IGF-I ml-1, EGF + IGF-I, or 10% (v/V) fetal calf serum plus 0.1 i.u. human menopausal gonadotrophin ml-1 (hMG). In Expt 1, treatment with EGF + IGF-I stimulated cumulus expansion, the metabolism of pyruvate and glutamine, and nuclear maturation. In Expt 2, only the metabolic measurements from oocytes that reached metaphase II were considered, and EGF + IGF-I stimulated pyruvate metabolism to the same extent as serum + hMG. In Expt 3, the oocytes were fertilized after maturation culture, and the resultant embryos cultured for up to 8 days. The cleavage was greater in the EGF and EGF + IGF-I groups than in the controls but less than in the serum + hMG group. Moreover, the number of blastocyst cells at 7 days after insemination and the proportion of cleaved embryos that developed to the blastocyst stage by day 8 was greater in the serum + hMG group than in the control group indicating that maturation treatment can affect early embryonic development. In conclusion, EGF + IGF-I can stimulate cumulus expansion, oxidative metabolism, nuclear maturation and cleavage after fertilization of bovine oocytes in vitro. The relative effects of the treatments on oocyte pyruvate metabolism in Expts 1 and 2 generally paralleled their effects on cleavage and subsequent development in Expt 3, suggesting that mitochondrial function is related to developmental potential. Further investigation is required to determine which component(s) of serum or gonadotrophin treatment is responsible for the effects on subsequent embryonic development.

The effects of epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growth factor I on the metabolic activity, nuclear maturation and subsequent development of cattle oocytes in vitro / D. Rieger, A. M. Luciano, S. Modina, P. Pocar, A. Lauria, F. Gandolfi. - In: JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTION AND FERTILITY. - ISSN 0022-4251. - 112:1(1998 Jan), pp. 123-30-130.

The effects of epidermal growth factor and insulin-like growth factor I on the metabolic activity, nuclear maturation and subsequent development of cattle oocytes in vitro

A. M. Luciano
Secondo
;
S. Modina;P. Pocar;A. Lauria
Penultimo
;
F. Gandolfi
Ultimo
1998-01

Abstract

The effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on the maturation and subsequent development of cattle oocytes in vitro were evaluated in three experiments. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) were collected from cattle ovaries and matured for 20-24 in control medium or in medium containing 50 ng EGF ml-1, 100 ng IGF-I ml-1, EGF + IGF-I, or 10% (v/V) fetal calf serum plus 0.1 i.u. human menopausal gonadotrophin ml-1 (hMG). In Expt 1, treatment with EGF + IGF-I stimulated cumulus expansion, the metabolism of pyruvate and glutamine, and nuclear maturation. In Expt 2, only the metabolic measurements from oocytes that reached metaphase II were considered, and EGF + IGF-I stimulated pyruvate metabolism to the same extent as serum + hMG. In Expt 3, the oocytes were fertilized after maturation culture, and the resultant embryos cultured for up to 8 days. The cleavage was greater in the EGF and EGF + IGF-I groups than in the controls but less than in the serum + hMG group. Moreover, the number of blastocyst cells at 7 days after insemination and the proportion of cleaved embryos that developed to the blastocyst stage by day 8 was greater in the serum + hMG group than in the control group indicating that maturation treatment can affect early embryonic development. In conclusion, EGF + IGF-I can stimulate cumulus expansion, oxidative metabolism, nuclear maturation and cleavage after fertilization of bovine oocytes in vitro. The relative effects of the treatments on oocyte pyruvate metabolism in Expts 1 and 2 generally paralleled their effects on cleavage and subsequent development in Expt 3, suggesting that mitochondrial function is related to developmental potential. Further investigation is required to determine which component(s) of serum or gonadotrophin treatment is responsible for the effects on subsequent embryonic development.
Animals; Analysis of Variance; Chi-Square Distribution; Epidermal Growth Factor; Fertilization in Vitro; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I; Stimulation, Chemical; Cattle; Embryonic and Fetal Development; Cells, Cultured; Oocytes; Glutamates; Pyruvic Acid; Oogenesis; Female; Cell Division
Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici
http://www.reproduction-online.org
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/185035
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