The vascular effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and the release of prostacyclin and nitric oxide (NO) evoked by this peptide were analyzed in anesthetized, mechanically ventilated pigs. ET-1 induced biphasic responses in both the pulmonary and systemic vascular beds characterized by a transient hypotension followed by a long-lasting hypertension. To evaluate the involvement of prostacyclin and NO in the ET-1-dependent vascular response, we used indomethacin to block cyclooxygenase and NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) to block NO synthase. The results show that the systemic hypotensive response to ET-1 is mediated by the release of prostanoids and NO, but these are not responsible for the pulmonary hypotension. Indomethacin reduced the hypertensive effect of ET-1, showing that this peptide can also activate release of vasoconstrictor cyclooxygenase metabolites. When L-NAME was administered after indomethacin, the pulmonary vasoconstrictor activity of ET-1 was counterbalanced by NO. By contrast, in pigs pretreated with indomethacin plus L-NAME ET-1 caused transient systemic vasoconstriction, followed by progressive reduction of vascular tone, probably because of release of vasodilator agents other than prostanoids or NO.
|Titolo:||Differential release of prostacyclin and nitric oxide evoked from pulmonary and systemic vascular beds of the pig by endothelin-1|
CLEMENT, MARIA GIOVANNA (Primo)
ALBERTINI, MARIANGELA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0952-3278(96)90009-5|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|