Background: Members of membrane-bound disintegrin metalloproteinases (ADAMs) were shown to be capable of cleaving amyloid precursor protein (APP) at the α-cleavage site in different cell systems. One of the candidate α-secretases identified in this family is ADAM10. The present study addresses the following major questions: 1) Are the levels of an α-secretase candidate (i.e., ADAM10) reduced in accessible cells of Alzheimer Disease (AD) patients? 2) Are ADAM10 levels in the peripheral cells of AD patients related to a concomitant decrease in αAPPs? Materials and Methods: Western Blot analysis of ADAM10 is performed on platelet homogenates from 33 sporadic AD patients and on 26 age-matched control subjects. Moreover, the levels of α-secretase metabolite (αAPPs) are tested both in platelets and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the same pool of subjects by means of Western blot with a specific antibody. Results: A significant decrease of platelet ADAM10 levels is observed in patients affected by probable AD when compared to control subjects and this is paralleled by a reduced level of αAPPs released from platelets. Moreover, in the same pool of AD patients, αAPPs levels were reduced concomitantly in CSF. Conclusions: ADAM10 is expressed in platelets. A reduced level of ADAM10 is observed in platelets obtained from AD patients compared to age-matched controls. Further, in the same pool of AD patients, a qualitatively and quantitatively similar decrease in αAPPs is present both in thrombin-activated platelets and CSF, thus suggesting that alterations of APP processing might occur both in the neuronal compartment and peripheral cells.

α-secretase ADAM10 as well as αAPPs is reduced in platelets and CSF of Alzheimer disease patients / F. Colciaghi, B. Borroni, L. Pastorino, E. Marcello, M. Zimmermann, F. Cattabeni, A. Padovani, M.M.G. Di Luca. - In: MOLECULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 1076-1551. - 8:2(2002), pp. 67-74.

α-secretase ADAM10 as well as αAPPs is reduced in platelets and CSF of Alzheimer disease patients

F. Colciaghi
Primo
;
E. Marcello;F. Cattabeni;M.M.G. Di Luca
Ultimo
2002

Abstract

Background: Members of membrane-bound disintegrin metalloproteinases (ADAMs) were shown to be capable of cleaving amyloid precursor protein (APP) at the α-cleavage site in different cell systems. One of the candidate α-secretases identified in this family is ADAM10. The present study addresses the following major questions: 1) Are the levels of an α-secretase candidate (i.e., ADAM10) reduced in accessible cells of Alzheimer Disease (AD) patients? 2) Are ADAM10 levels in the peripheral cells of AD patients related to a concomitant decrease in αAPPs? Materials and Methods: Western Blot analysis of ADAM10 is performed on platelet homogenates from 33 sporadic AD patients and on 26 age-matched control subjects. Moreover, the levels of α-secretase metabolite (αAPPs) are tested both in platelets and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the same pool of subjects by means of Western blot with a specific antibody. Results: A significant decrease of platelet ADAM10 levels is observed in patients affected by probable AD when compared to control subjects and this is paralleled by a reduced level of αAPPs released from platelets. Moreover, in the same pool of AD patients, αAPPs levels were reduced concomitantly in CSF. Conclusions: ADAM10 is expressed in platelets. A reduced level of ADAM10 is observed in platelets obtained from AD patients compared to age-matched controls. Further, in the same pool of AD patients, a qualitatively and quantitatively similar decrease in αAPPs is present both in thrombin-activated platelets and CSF, thus suggesting that alterations of APP processing might occur both in the neuronal compartment and peripheral cells.
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12080182
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/185019
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