Zirconia samples have been obtained by calcining, at 470°C, hydrous precursors prepared by following two different procedures: (a) room temperature precipitation by NH3 at acid pH (≤2.5) followed by 96 h refluxing; (b) neutralisation (pH = 7.0-7.5) of ZrCl4 Solutions at the boiling point by KOH. The oxides, calcined starting from the two precursors, appear to be composed either of monoclinic or tetragonal (metastable) ZrO2. Sulphated zirconia samples have been obtained by treating the precursor powders with sulphuric acid at different concentrations and subsequently calcining them at 470°C. The sulphate-doped oxides have been characterised for phase composition-crystallinity (XRD), water-sulphur content (TGA, elemental analysis), surface area (BET) and surface chemical state (XPS also in combination with ion sputtering). The different oxide precursors produce distinctive features, on the treated oxides, concerning specifically the degree of hydration/hydrophilicity of the samples and the nature of the zirconium surface sites. Zirconia samples have been obtained by calcining, at 470°C, hydrous precursors prepared by following two different procedures: (a) room temperature precipitation by NH3 at acid pH (≤2.5) followed by 96 h refluxing; (b) neutralization (pH = 7.0-7.5) of ZrCl4 solutions at the boiling point by KOH. The oxides, calcined starting from the two precursors, appear to be composed either of monoclinic or tetragonal (metastable) ZrO2. Sulphated zirconia samples have been obtained by treating the precursor powders with sulphuric acid at different concentrations and subsequently calcining them at 470°C. The sulphate-doped oxides have been characterised for phase composition-crystallinity (XRD), water-sulphur content (TGA, elemental analysis), surface area (BET) and surface chemical state (XPS also in combination with ion sputtering). The different oxide precursors produce distinctive features, on the treated oxides, concerning specifically the degree of hydration/hydrophilicity of the samples and the nature of the zirconium surface sites.

The role of the oxide precursor on the features of sulphated zirconia / S. Ardizzone, C.L. Bianchi, E. Grassi. - In: COLLOIDS AND SURFACES. A, PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING ASPECTS. - ISSN 0927-7757. - 135:1-3(1998), pp. 41-51.

The role of the oxide precursor on the features of sulphated zirconia

S. Ardizzone
Primo
;
C.L. Bianchi
Secondo
;
1998

Abstract

Zirconia samples have been obtained by calcining, at 470°C, hydrous precursors prepared by following two different procedures: (a) room temperature precipitation by NH3 at acid pH (≤2.5) followed by 96 h refluxing; (b) neutralisation (pH = 7.0-7.5) of ZrCl4 Solutions at the boiling point by KOH. The oxides, calcined starting from the two precursors, appear to be composed either of monoclinic or tetragonal (metastable) ZrO2. Sulphated zirconia samples have been obtained by treating the precursor powders with sulphuric acid at different concentrations and subsequently calcining them at 470°C. The sulphate-doped oxides have been characterised for phase composition-crystallinity (XRD), water-sulphur content (TGA, elemental analysis), surface area (BET) and surface chemical state (XPS also in combination with ion sputtering). The different oxide precursors produce distinctive features, on the treated oxides, concerning specifically the degree of hydration/hydrophilicity of the samples and the nature of the zirconium surface sites. Zirconia samples have been obtained by calcining, at 470°C, hydrous precursors prepared by following two different procedures: (a) room temperature precipitation by NH3 at acid pH (≤2.5) followed by 96 h refluxing; (b) neutralization (pH = 7.0-7.5) of ZrCl4 solutions at the boiling point by KOH. The oxides, calcined starting from the two precursors, appear to be composed either of monoclinic or tetragonal (metastable) ZrO2. Sulphated zirconia samples have been obtained by treating the precursor powders with sulphuric acid at different concentrations and subsequently calcining them at 470°C. The sulphate-doped oxides have been characterised for phase composition-crystallinity (XRD), water-sulphur content (TGA, elemental analysis), surface area (BET) and surface chemical state (XPS also in combination with ion sputtering). The different oxide precursors produce distinctive features, on the treated oxides, concerning specifically the degree of hydration/hydrophilicity of the samples and the nature of the zirconium surface sites.
Phase-composition; Sulphated zirconia; Surface speciation; Zirconia
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/184891
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