Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common medical condition that affects the sexual life of millions of men. At present, first-line oral pharmacotherapy for most patients with ED is a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitor, of which three are currently available worldwide. Sildenafil (Viagra, Pfizer) has a very satisfactory efficacy-safety profile in all patient categories. The first PDE-5 inhibitor to reach the market, it is now the most widely prescribed oral agent for ED. Tadalafil (Cialis, Lilly ICOS) and vardenafil (Levitra, Bayer/GlaxoSmithKline) were introduced to the European Union and the US in 2003 and 2004, respectively. These three PDE-5 inhibitors share many characteristics, but each has unique features. This review describes the chemical, pharmacologic and clinical features of sildenafil, vardenafil and tadalafil as oral first-line treatments for ED. First, we describe the physiology of penile erection and PDE-5 inhibitor pharmacology, including chemistry, PDE selectivity, pharmacokinetics, and possible drug interactions. We then summarize data on the efficacy and safety profiles of the three PDE-5 inhibitors for the treatment of ED in the general population, in patients with diabetes mellitus and in men that have undergone bilateral nerve-sparing retropubic radical prostatectomy.

Drug Insight: oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors for erectile dysfunction / A. Briganti, A. Salonia, A. Gallina, A. Saccà, P. Montorsi, P. Rigatti, F. Montorsi. - In: NATURE CLINICAL PRACTICE UROLOGY. - ISSN 1743-4270. - 2:5(2005 May), pp. 239-47-247. [10.1038/ncpuro0186]

Drug Insight: oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors for erectile dysfunction

P. Montorsi;
2005

Abstract

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common medical condition that affects the sexual life of millions of men. At present, first-line oral pharmacotherapy for most patients with ED is a phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitor, of which three are currently available worldwide. Sildenafil (Viagra, Pfizer) has a very satisfactory efficacy-safety profile in all patient categories. The first PDE-5 inhibitor to reach the market, it is now the most widely prescribed oral agent for ED. Tadalafil (Cialis, Lilly ICOS) and vardenafil (Levitra, Bayer/GlaxoSmithKline) were introduced to the European Union and the US in 2003 and 2004, respectively. These three PDE-5 inhibitors share many characteristics, but each has unique features. This review describes the chemical, pharmacologic and clinical features of sildenafil, vardenafil and tadalafil as oral first-line treatments for ED. First, we describe the physiology of penile erection and PDE-5 inhibitor pharmacology, including chemistry, PDE selectivity, pharmacokinetics, and possible drug interactions. We then summarize data on the efficacy and safety profiles of the three PDE-5 inhibitors for the treatment of ED in the general population, in patients with diabetes mellitus and in men that have undergone bilateral nerve-sparing retropubic radical prostatectomy.
Erectile dysfunction; Nitric oxide; PDE-5 inhibitors
Settore MED/24 - Urologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/184889
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