This study monitored the extranuclear endogenous mono-ADP-ribosylation of proteins. At least 10 proteins were ADP-ribosylated in a crude extract from control superior cervical ganglia, and 7 were labeled in control dorsal root ganglia; whereas in the diabetic rat the extent of labeling was reduced. These data suggest that proteins of peripheral ganglia are excessively ADP-ribosylated in vivo. Treatment of diabetic animals with silybin, a flavonoid with ADP-ribosyltransferase inhibitory activity, did not affect hyperglycemia, but prevented the alterations in the extent of mono-ADP-ribosylation of proteins. This effect was associated with the prevention of substance P-like immunoreactivity loss in the sciatic nerve. In the membrane fraction of sciatic nerve Schwann cells, at least 9 proteins were ADP-ribosylated, in diabetic rats the extent of labeling was increased. A comparable increase involving the same proteins was triggered by chronic nerve injury and by corticosteroid treatment. Silybin treatment of diabetic rats prevented such an increase. We propose that the inhibition of excessive protein mono-ADP-ribosylation by silybin prevented the onset of diabetic neuropathy, while the silybin effect on mono-ADP-ribosylation of Schwann cells is likely indirect and secondary to the improvement of diabetic axonopathy.
Alterations of protein mono-ADP-ribosylation and diabetic neuropathy: A novel pharmacological approach / A. Gorio, M. Donadoni, C. Finco, F. Borella, A. Di Giulio. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2999. - 311:1(1996), pp. 21-28.
|Titolo:||Alterations of protein mono-ADP-ribosylation and diabetic neuropathy: A novel pharmacological approach|
GORIO, ALFREDO (Primo)
DI GIULIO, ANNA MARIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Corticosterone; Diabetes; Nerve lesion; Protein mono-ADP-ribosylation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-2999(96)00351-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|