Endogenous ADP-ribosylation of proteins was studied in retina crude extract, membrane and cytosolic fractions of control and diabetic rats. ADP-ribosyltransferase activity is present in all cellular fractions, but protein ADP-ribosylation is reduced in diabetic rat retina. At least 6 proteins are labelled in the crude extract fraction and a similar number in the membrane preparation of control animals. In these preparations from diabetic retina, only two bands were labelled, the 85 K and 36K for the crude extract, and the 97 K and 39 K for membranes. Labelling of 36 K and 39 K proteins was much less than in controls, In the cytosolic preparations of controls, two proteins of 85 K and 39 K are ADP-ribosylated, while in diabetic rat retina cytosol, only the 85 K is labelled. Treatment of diabetic rats with insulin normalized plasma glucose levels and prevented the alterations of the extent of ADP-ribosylation for the 38 K cytosolic, 39 K membrane and 36 K crude extracts proteins, but it failed to affect the other bands. These results suggest a hyperactivity of endogenous ADP-ribosylases in diabetic rat retina, so that the protein sites for ADP-ribosylation are no longer available. Since insulin treatment prevents the onset of neuropathy and of retinal G protein impairment (Abbracchio et al., J Neurosci Res 29:196-220, 1991) in diabetic rats and, in this study, normalizes ADP-ribosylation of 39 K, 38 K and 36 K proteins, we suggest that the abnormal endogenous ADP-ribosylation of these proteins might play a role in the onset of diabetic neuropathy. (C) 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

NITRIC OXIDE-SENSITIVE PROTEIN ADP-RIBOSYLATION IS ALTERED IN RAT DIABETIC NEUROPATHY / A. GORIO, M. DONADONI, A. DIGIULIO. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0360-4012. - 40:3(1995), pp. 420-426.

NITRIC OXIDE-SENSITIVE PROTEIN ADP-RIBOSYLATION IS ALTERED IN RAT DIABETIC NEUROPATHY

A. GORIO
Primo
;
A. DIGIULIO
Ultimo
1995

Abstract

Endogenous ADP-ribosylation of proteins was studied in retina crude extract, membrane and cytosolic fractions of control and diabetic rats. ADP-ribosyltransferase activity is present in all cellular fractions, but protein ADP-ribosylation is reduced in diabetic rat retina. At least 6 proteins are labelled in the crude extract fraction and a similar number in the membrane preparation of control animals. In these preparations from diabetic retina, only two bands were labelled, the 85 K and 36K for the crude extract, and the 97 K and 39 K for membranes. Labelling of 36 K and 39 K proteins was much less than in controls, In the cytosolic preparations of controls, two proteins of 85 K and 39 K are ADP-ribosylated, while in diabetic rat retina cytosol, only the 85 K is labelled. Treatment of diabetic rats with insulin normalized plasma glucose levels and prevented the alterations of the extent of ADP-ribosylation for the 38 K cytosolic, 39 K membrane and 36 K crude extracts proteins, but it failed to affect the other bands. These results suggest a hyperactivity of endogenous ADP-ribosylases in diabetic rat retina, so that the protein sites for ADP-ribosylation are no longer available. Since insulin treatment prevents the onset of neuropathy and of retinal G protein impairment (Abbracchio et al., J Neurosci Res 29:196-220, 1991) in diabetic rats and, in this study, normalizes ADP-ribosylation of 39 K, 38 K and 36 K proteins, we suggest that the abnormal endogenous ADP-ribosylation of these proteins might play a role in the onset of diabetic neuropathy. (C) 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
diabetic retinopathy; G protein; mono-ADP ribosylation; nitric oxide
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/184740
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