Peripheral neuropathy is a correlate of experimental diabetes induced in rats by means of a single injection of alloxan. The autonomic and enteric innervation of the gut are profoundly affected in the small intestine of such animals. A complex process of denervation and hyperinnervation of the gut wall of diabetic animals is observed. It was previously reported that the cholinergic parasympathetic innervation of the intestine is markedly reduced. We have found that noradrenergic sympathetic axons hyperinnervate the duodenum of diabetic rats, whereas noradrenaline levels are significantly reduced in the jejunum. The putative enteric neurotransmitter dopamine is also present in higher levels in the duodenum. The intrinsic peptidergic neurons of the gut are deeply affected as well in diabetic rats. Substance P and met-enkephalin content are remarkably reduced throughout the small intestine, whereas vasoactive intestinal polypeptide levels (VIP) are significantly increased in the duodenum. Indeed, immunocytochemical staining of the iluem did reveal hypertrophy of VIP-positive axons in diabetic rats. The intrinsic serotoninergic innervation of the gut is apparently unaffected. Our results indicate that the changes of gut innervation observed in experimental diabetes are consistent with increased content and also likely with hyperinnervation by the neuronal systems involved in smooth muscle relaxation and decreased content and with denervation by those systems with smooth muscle contraction properties. Such a perturbed gut innervation may be responsible of the gastrointestinal dysfunctions that are among the most common complications of diabetes.
DENERVATION AND HYPERINNERVATION IN THE NERVOUS-SYSTEM OF DIABETIC ANIMALS .1. THE AUTONOMIC NEURONAL DYSTROPHY OF THE GUT / A. DIGIULIO, B. TENCONI, R. LACROIX, P. MANTEGAZZA, F. CATTABENI, A. GORIO. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0360-4012. - 24:3(1989), pp. 355-361.
|Titolo:||DENERVATION AND HYPERINNERVATION IN THE NERVOUS-SYSTEM OF DIABETIC ANIMALS .1. THE AUTONOMIC NEURONAL DYSTROPHY OF THE GUT|
DI GIULIO, ANNA MARIA (Primo)
GORIO, ALFREDO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Autonomic dystrophy; Degeneration; Diabetic neuropathy; Gastrointestinal dysfunctions|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jnr.490240303|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|