Peripheral nerve section causes a degenerative atrophy of substance P sensory input and of met-enkephalin interneurons in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Radioimmunoassay of both peptides indicates that the decrease in peptide levels range from 30 to 50%, that it occurs several days after lesioning, and that it is simultaneous for the two peptides. Quantitative immunocytochemistry performed by computer-assisted analysis of met-enkephalin-positive boutons shows that following sciatic nerve lesions there is a decreased density of immunoreactive boutons per unit area in the substantia gelatinosa of the dorsal horn in the lumbar cord ipsilateral to the lesion. Within 24 h of nerve injury there is a significant and transient enhancement of serotonin turnover, as indicated by the increased levels of 5-hydroindolacetic acid in the lumbar cord, without any change in serotonin concentrations. The restoration of normal serotonin metabolism at d 10 postlesioning coincides with the peptidergic loss. However, if, prior to nerve resection, serotonin stores are depleted by p-chlorophenylalanine treatment, the damage to met-enkephalin interneurons is fully prevented, while substance P loss does still occur. These results suggest that signals caused by the section of a peripheral nerve are directly responsible for substance P loss in the spinal cord and are, presumably, rapidly transported into the CNS, causing an activation of the serotoninergic raphe neurons projecting to spinal cord. The activation of this system is likely responsible for the degenerative atrophy of the met-enkephalin interneurons. These results further confirm our previous suggestions (Di Giulio et al: Peptides 6:249-256, 1985; Brain Res 342:405-408, 1985) that the peptidergic loss induced by peripheral nerve section may be intraspinally regulated, and that pain sensations which develop after nerve lesions may be related to intraspinal alterations, such as the atrophy of met-enkephalin-containing interneurons, rather than to the formation of a large neuroma by injured axons. As a matter of fact the increased serotonin turnover is triggered within 24 h, while neuroma formation requires several days following nerve lesion.
|Titolo:||SPINAL-CORD INTERNEURON DEGENERATIVE ATROPHY CAUSED BY PERIPHERAL-NERVE LESIONS IS PREVENTED BY SEROTONIN DEPLETION|
DI GIULIO, ANNA MARIA (Primo)
GORIO, ALFREDO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1987|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/jnr.490180310|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|