An increased frequency of serum IgM antibodies to beta-tubulin has been found by ELISA in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and the Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). We used an immunoblot technique to compare the frequency, titer and specificity of anti-tubulin IgM antibodies in 207 patients with different neuropathies, 109 with other neurological disease (OND) and 110 non-neurological controls. High titers of serum anti-tubulin IgM antibodies (> 1:1600) were present in 2 patients with CIDP (10.5%), 1 with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) (11%), 1 with GBS (1.8%), two with IgM monoclonal gammopathy, one with (1.3%) and one without neuropathy (2.1%), and in two with OND (1.8%). Even if the relative binding to alpha- and beta-tubulin differed among positive patients, in all IgM bound to both tubulin subunits. All positive patients had a similarly intense IgM reactivity with tubulin by ELISA that showed high anti-tubulin IgM in 4 additional CIDP patients (total positive by ELISA 30%) and in 7 of 23 normal subjects (30%). Even if high anti-tubulin IgM were slightly more frequent by immunoblot in chronic dysimmune neuropathies than in other diseases, possibly reflecting a secondary response to neural damage during an ongoing immune response, their relatively low frequency in these diseases does not seem to justify their measurement for diagnostic application.

Anti-alpha- and beta-tubulin IgM antibodies in dysimmune neuropathies / E. Manfredini, E. Nobile-Orazio, S. Allaria, G. Scarlato. - In: JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 0022-510X. - 133:1-2(1995 Nov), pp. 79-84-84.

Anti-alpha- and beta-tubulin IgM antibodies in dysimmune neuropathies

E. Nobile-Orazio
Secondo
;
G. Scarlato
Ultimo
1995-11

Abstract

An increased frequency of serum IgM antibodies to beta-tubulin has been found by ELISA in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and the Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). We used an immunoblot technique to compare the frequency, titer and specificity of anti-tubulin IgM antibodies in 207 patients with different neuropathies, 109 with other neurological disease (OND) and 110 non-neurological controls. High titers of serum anti-tubulin IgM antibodies (> 1:1600) were present in 2 patients with CIDP (10.5%), 1 with multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) (11%), 1 with GBS (1.8%), two with IgM monoclonal gammopathy, one with (1.3%) and one without neuropathy (2.1%), and in two with OND (1.8%). Even if the relative binding to alpha- and beta-tubulin differed among positive patients, in all IgM bound to both tubulin subunits. All positive patients had a similarly intense IgM reactivity with tubulin by ELISA that showed high anti-tubulin IgM in 4 additional CIDP patients (total positive by ELISA 30%) and in 7 of 23 normal subjects (30%). Even if high anti-tubulin IgM were slightly more frequent by immunoblot in chronic dysimmune neuropathies than in other diseases, possibly reflecting a secondary response to neural damage during an ongoing immune response, their relatively low frequency in these diseases does not seem to justify their measurement for diagnostic application.
Immunoblotting; Humans; Nervous System Diseases; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Tubulin; Immunoglobulin M
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/184622
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