Results presented here show that when isolated rat hepatocytes are incubated with increasing concentrations of [2-raC]mevalonolactone, incorporation of the substrate into cholesterol is progressively reduced. Correspondingly, an increase of the incorporation of the substrate into precursors of cholesterol (methyl sterols and squalene) occurs. These effects and the observed inhibition of HMGCoA reductase at high mevalonolactone concentration (0.5 mM) are in agreement with those shown by others in cultured hepatocytes. Since pantethine was reported to affect cholesterol biosynthesis from mevalonate in cultured fibroblasts. effects of its addition to hepatocyte incubations at low and high mevalonoiactone concentration were studied. Neither the amount of radioactivity incorporated into cholesterol and in its sterol precursors nor sterol levels were modified by pantethine when a mevalonolactone concentration (0.01 mM) that did not alter the levels of intermediates of cholesterol synthesis was used. Pantethine was shown instead to potentiate the decrease of mevalonate incorporation into cholesterol induced by high concentrations of mevalonolactone (0.5 mM). Decrease of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase activity induced by 1 mM pantethine was twice that caused by mevalonolactone alone. These results may explain the fact that both in laboratory animals and in humans pantethine administration is effective in reducins cholesterol plasma levels in hyperlipidemic conditions.

EFFECTS OF PANTETHINE ON CHOLESTEROL-SYNTHESIS FROM MEVALONATE IN ISOLATED RAT HEPATOCYTES / G. CIGHETTI, M. DELPUPPO, R. PARONI, G. GALLI, M.G. KIENLE. - In: ATHEROSCLEROSIS. - ISSN 0021-9150. - 60:1(1986 Apr), pp. 67-77. [10.1016/0021-9150(86)90089-4]

EFFECTS OF PANTETHINE ON CHOLESTEROL-SYNTHESIS FROM MEVALONATE IN ISOLATED RAT HEPATOCYTES

G. Cighetti
Primo
;
R. Paroni;
1986

Abstract

Results presented here show that when isolated rat hepatocytes are incubated with increasing concentrations of [2-raC]mevalonolactone, incorporation of the substrate into cholesterol is progressively reduced. Correspondingly, an increase of the incorporation of the substrate into precursors of cholesterol (methyl sterols and squalene) occurs. These effects and the observed inhibition of HMGCoA reductase at high mevalonolactone concentration (0.5 mM) are in agreement with those shown by others in cultured hepatocytes. Since pantethine was reported to affect cholesterol biosynthesis from mevalonate in cultured fibroblasts. effects of its addition to hepatocyte incubations at low and high mevalonoiactone concentration were studied. Neither the amount of radioactivity incorporated into cholesterol and in its sterol precursors nor sterol levels were modified by pantethine when a mevalonolactone concentration (0.01 mM) that did not alter the levels of intermediates of cholesterol synthesis was used. Pantethine was shown instead to potentiate the decrease of mevalonate incorporation into cholesterol induced by high concentrations of mevalonolactone (0.5 mM). Decrease of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase activity induced by 1 mM pantethine was twice that caused by mevalonolactone alone. These results may explain the fact that both in laboratory animals and in humans pantethine administration is effective in reducins cholesterol plasma levels in hyperlipidemic conditions.
Cholesterol biosynthesis; Mevalonate; Pantethine; Rat hepatocytes
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/184587
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