Angiogenesis is an important prognostic factor in invasive breast carcinoma. We analyzed sera and tumor samples from 36 patients with primary breast carcinomas to determine the relationship between tumor vascularity, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production by tumor cells, levels of circulating VEGF (measured by ELISA assay), and levels of endothelial growth factors analyzed by a functional test of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) proliferation. Tumor vascularity was correlated directly with VEGF production by the tumor, indicating that VEGF production is a relevant factor in determining angiogenesis in primary tumor. No correlation was found either between the number of vessels in the tumor or the production of VEGF by tumor cells and the levels of serum angiogenic factors including VEGF. On the contrary, the two serum tests correlated together because a high serum level of VEGF is more frequent in cases with the presence of HUVEC-stimulating growth factors. These data indicate that the principal source of factors stimulating angiogenesis in the primary tumor is the tumor itself. This is an important issue in the context of anti- angiogenic therapeutic approaches, which should be planned to interfere with tumor production of angiogenic factors rather than with circulating angiogenic factors. In conclusion, whereas the vessel count and VEGF production by tumor cells are parameters that give direct information on tumor angiogenesis, long-term follow-up is necessary to determine the clinical significance of the determination of serum HUVEC-stimulating factors in the progression of breast carcinoma.
|Titolo:||Correlation between tumor vascularity, vascular endothelial growth factor production by tumor cells, serum vascular endothelial growth factor levels, and serum angiogenic activity in patients with breast carcinoma|
MAIER, JEANETTE ANNE MARIE (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; Tumor Cells, Cultured; Cells, Cultured; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors; Humans; Case-Control Studies; Breast Neoplasms; Neovascularization, Pathologic; Lymphokines; Endothelial Growth Factors; Female|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|