The adherence of monocytes to the endothelium is an early event in atherogenesis. We have investigated this process by examining whether native and oxidized low-density and high-density lipoproteins could modulate this process. Only oxidized low-density lipoprotein caused a significant dose-dependent and time-dependent increase in U937 monocyte-like cell line binding to human endothelial cells, by a process which required de novo protein synthesis. Interestingly, E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell-adhesion molecule or P-selectin induction was not apparent in this system suggesting the presence of an alternative system for the interaction of endothelial cells with monocyte-like cells in response to oxidized low-density lipoprotein. High-density lipoprotein completely suppressed oxidized low-density-lipoprotein-induced adhesion of U937 cells to the endothelial monolayer, while oxidized high-density lipoprotein did not. These data suggest that the balance between native and oxidized lipoproteins may play a role in the formation of the atherosclerotic lesion by modulating monocyte endothelial interactions.
|Titolo:||The protective role of high-density lipoprotein on oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-induced U937/endothelial cell interactions|
|Parole Chiave:||Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1; Humans; Gene Expression; Lipoproteins, HDL; Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1; Cell Adhesion Molecules; Endothelium, Vascular; RNA, Messenger; Oxidation-Reduction; Base Sequence; Cells, Cultured; E-Selectin; Molecular Sequence Data; Monocytes; Lipoproteins, LDL; Cell Adhesion|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-apr-1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1432-1033.1994.tb18712.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|