Signs of sympathetic hyperactivity and low parasympathetic activity have been found during the acute and recovery phases of myocardial infarction and have been associated with an increased risk of cardiac mortality. Beneficial effects of physical training have been recently reported in postmyocardial infarction patients. We tested the hypothesis that physical training would be effective in improving the autonomic balance by studying 22 patients with a first and recent myocardial infarction who were randomly assigned to enter or not enter a 4-week in-hospital physical training program. Spectral indices of heart rate variability were analyzed at rest and during 70-degrees head-up tilt before and after the index training, not training period. As expected, physical training induced a significant increase in exercise duration (13.7 +/- 0.8 vs 17.1 +/- 0.1 min, p < 0.001) and in the anaerobic threshold (9.5 +/- 0.7 vs 12.0 +/- 1.0 min, p < 0.02) in trained patients, while no changes were observed in the untrained group. At entry, in both groups, spectral profile of heart rate variability was characterized by a predominant LF component and a smaller HF component with no further modification after head-up tilt. After 4 weeks, in resting conditions, no significant changes in spectral components were observed in both trained and untrained patients. After physical training, head-up tilt produced significant modifications in spectral profile with an increase in the LF component (84 +/- 3 vs 69 +/- 5 nu, p < 0.01) and a decrease in the HF component (7 +/- 1 vs 19 +/- 4 nu, p < 0.05) in trained patients, while no changes were observed in the untrained patients. Our data suggest that in postmyocardial infarction patients, 4 weeks of physical training may induce an improvement in the autonomic balance with a restoration toward normal in the reflex activity of the system
Autonomic nervous system adaptations to short-term exercise training. / M.T. La Rovere, A. Mortara, G. Sandrone, F. Lombardi. - In: CHEST. - ISSN 0012-3692. - 101:5 Suppl.(1992 May), pp. S299-S303.
|Titolo:||Autonomic nervous system adaptations to short-term exercise training.|
LOMBARDI, FEDERICO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1378/chest.101.5_Supplement.299S|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|