Static and dynamic laser light scattering measurements on micellar aqueous solutions of gangliosides GM2, GM1, GD1a are reported. The aggregation number, the hydrodynamic radius and the micellar shape depend on the type of ganglioside and the unsaturation degree of the hydrocarbon chains. At a temperature of 25°C the molecular weights of GM2, GM1 and GD1a are 740 000, 470 000 and 418 000 DA respectively. A significant decrease of micellar size with temperature has been found for saturated GM1 in the region 25° - 40°C. The strong sensitivity of the micellar parameters to the ganglioside structure is explained by making reference to some simple model which takes into account geometrical packing considerations. By measuring the scattered light intensity at low ionic strength of the solution (0.1-30 mE) it was possible to evaluate the ganglioside micellar charge, 100 electronic units for GM2, 48 for GM1 and 60 for GD1a.

LIGHT-SCATTERING MEASUREMENTS ON GANGLIOSIDES - DEPENDENCE OF MICELLAR PROPERTIES ON MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE AND TEMPERATURE / L. CANTU, M. CORTI, S. SONNINO, G. TETTAMANTI. - In: CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS OF LIPIDS. - ISSN 0009-3084. - 41:3-4(1986), pp. 315-328. [10.1016/0009-3084(86)90029-0]

LIGHT-SCATTERING MEASUREMENTS ON GANGLIOSIDES - DEPENDENCE OF MICELLAR PROPERTIES ON MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE AND TEMPERATURE

L. Cantu
Primo
;
M. Corti
Secondo
;
S. Sonnino
Penultimo
;
G. Tettamanti
Ultimo
1986

Abstract

Static and dynamic laser light scattering measurements on micellar aqueous solutions of gangliosides GM2, GM1, GD1a are reported. The aggregation number, the hydrodynamic radius and the micellar shape depend on the type of ganglioside and the unsaturation degree of the hydrocarbon chains. At a temperature of 25°C the molecular weights of GM2, GM1 and GD1a are 740 000, 470 000 and 418 000 DA respectively. A significant decrease of micellar size with temperature has been found for saturated GM1 in the region 25° - 40°C. The strong sensitivity of the micellar parameters to the ganglioside structure is explained by making reference to some simple model which takes into account geometrical packing considerations. By measuring the scattered light intensity at low ionic strength of the solution (0.1-30 mE) it was possible to evaluate the ganglioside micellar charge, 100 electronic units for GM2, 48 for GM1 and 60 for GD1a.
gangliosides; light scattering; micellar charge; micellar shape
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/183940
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