In a selected group of 10 apparently healthy subjects and 22 patients with organic heart disease, all with frequent ventricular ectopic beats on Holter monitoring, we assessed the influence of sympathetic activation by comparing the arrhythmogenic effects of a symptom-limited bicycle exercise stress test and 90 degree head up tilt. Tilting reduced ventricular arrhythmias in the normal subjects (-48 +/- 18% from 9 +/- 2 beats min-1, P less than 0.05). Exercise stress testing caused small and insignificant changes in arrhythmias during the early (50-75 W) phases and an almost complete suppression of ventricular ectopic beats in the final stages (-99 +/- 1%, P less than 0.01). In six of the 10 subjects, ventricular arrhythmias reappeared in the early recovery phase. In the 22 patients with organic heart disease, tilting increased ventricular ectopic beats (43 +/- 17% from 9 +/- 3 beats min-1, P less than 0.05); augmented repetitive forms in 12 patients (179 +/- 88% from 1.4 +/- 0.6 per 3 min) and produced repetitive forms in six of the 10 remaining patients who did not show repetitive forms during control conditions. Exercise stress testing caused a marked increase in ectopic activity in the early phase (84 +/- 35%) while the response during the maximal phase of exercise as well as during recovery was related to the effort capabilities. Arrhythmias were increased in 12 patients with limited exercise duration and were reduced in 10 patients with good exercise tolerance. These data indicate that sympathetic activation has different effects on ventricular arrhythmias depending on the clinical setting and that tilting is a useful maneuver to evaluate the arrhythmogenic effects of increased sympathetic activity.
|Titolo:||Effects of sympathetic activation on ventricular ectopic beats in subjects with and without evidence of organic heart disease|
LOMBARDI, FEDERICO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Tilting; exercise induced arrhythmias; sympathetic nervous system|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1987|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1093/oxfordjournals.eurheartj.a062171|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|