It has been recently shown that lustre decoration of medieval and renaissance pottery consists of silver and copper nanocrystals, dispersed within the glassy matrix of the ceramic glaze. Lustre surfaces show peculiar optical effects such as metallic reflection and iridescence. In many cases, lustre appears overlapped to colored drawings. Here we report the findings of a study on glazes, pigments and lustre of several shards belonging to Deruta and Gubbio pottery of XVI century. The components of glazes and pigments have been identified. Lustre is confirmed to be characterised by silver and copper metal nanocrystals inhomogeneously dispersed in the glassy matrix of the glaze. In the case of lustre overlapped to colored decorations, we found two contradictory cases. The first consists of a lustre surface successfully applied over a blue smalt geometrical drawing. The second consists of a lustre surface, unsuccessfully applied over a yellow lead-antimonate pigment. ne yellow pigment hinders the formation of lustre and removes crystals of tin dioxide, normally present in the glaze as opacifier. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Heterogeneous distribution of metal nanocrystals in glazes of historical pottery|
|Parole Chiave:||Glass-metal composites; Historical pottery; Lustre; Nanoparticles|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/01 - Chimica Analitica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0169-4332(01)00659-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|