Sulfidopeptide leukotrienes (LTC4/D4/E4) are suspected to be important lipid mediators in inflamatory responses in the lung. Previous investigations have provided evidence to support enhanced synthesis and secretion of these eicosanoids into bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in patients with Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). We have prospectively examined the relationship between sulfidopeptide leukotriene levels in tracheal aspirates of 14 intubated and mechanically ventilated patients. When compared with the aspirate from one patient who required ventilation because of respiratory muscle weakness, the tracheal aspirates from eight ARDS patients had elevated leukotriene levels (range 2020-2052 pg/aspirate). However, the aspirates from four of the five patients with direct airway injury [inhalational burn (n=3) and massive aspiration of gastric contents (n=2)] contained significantly higher amounts of sulfidopeptide leukotrienes (range 10309-52244 pg/aspirate). Three of the five patients with direct airway injury did not develop ARDS. We conclude that simple aspiration of tracheal secretions can be used to monitor airway leukotriene biosynthesis in patients with lung injury and that elevated airway leukotriene levels may reflect airway epithelial damage, but may not predict the development of ARDS.
|Titolo:||Direct airway injury results in elevated levels of sulfidopeptide leukotrienes, detectable in airway secretions|
SALA, ANGELO (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0090-6980(91)90088-W|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|