In the present paper we investigated, in the rat brain, the expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) in response to the atypical antipsychotic clozapine. We found that acute or chronic administration of this compound produced a selective increase of FGF-2 mRNA and protein in the striatum. Although acute injection of clozapine did increase FGF-2 expression in parietal cortex and nucleus accumbens we found that, following repeated administration, the induction of the trophic molecule was taking place only at striatal level. The analysis of other antipsychotic drugs did not provide conclusive evidence for the molecular mechanisms involved in clozapine-induced elevation of FGF-2. In fact, chronic administration of classical neuroleptics, haloperidol and chlorpromazine, did not alter the expression of FGF-2. Furthermore the novel drugs quetiapine and olanzapine, despite some similarities in their receptor profiles, were similarly ineffective. Hence these data suggest that, among antipsychotic drugs, the induction of FGF-2 is unique to clozapine. On the basis of the neuroprotective activity of this trophic molecule, our data might be relevant for the potential use of clozapine in tardive dyskinesia and parkinsonism, which develop during long term administration of classical neuroleptic drugs.
Selective modulation of fibroblast growth factor-2 expression in the rat brain by the atypical antipsychotic clozapine / M.A. Riva, R. Molteni, F. Tascedda, A. Massironi, G. Racagni. - In: NEUROPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0028-3908. - 38:7(1999 Jul), pp. 1075-1082.
|Titolo:||Selective modulation of fibroblast growth factor-2 expression in the rat brain by the atypical antipsychotic clozapine|
RIVA, MARCO ANDREA (Primo)
MOLTENI, RAFFAELLA (Secondo)
RACAGNI, GIORGIO ANGELO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; Astrocytes; Brain; Corpus Striatum; Antipsychotic Agents; Fibroblast Growth Factor 2; RNA, Messenger; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Clozapine; Gene Expression Regulation; Up-Regulation; Male|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0028-3908(99)00031-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|