We report the results of cytogenetic studies on 23 pituitary adenoma specimens, using both the direct and short-term tissue culture methods. The direct method was applied to all of the specimens and allowed a karyotype to be identified in 15 of the processed samples (65%). Four tumors were shown to have a hypotriploid chromosomal constitution, two of which also presented structural clonal rearrangements: an isochromosome 1q,i(1)(q10) and a der(1)t(1;3)(p22;q21) were observed in two PRL-secreting adenomas, one of which also had a telomeric association involving the short arms of chromosomes 14 and 19. Telomeric associations of the long arms of chromosomes 11, 19, and 22 were observed in a near-diploid, non-secreting tumor showing monosomy 13. One other adenoma showed trisomies 8 and 12, a finding that was confirmed by means of the FISH analysis of chromosome 8 and 12 centromeric probes in the more than 300 scored nuclei. An apparently normal chromosome constitution was observed in the remaining nine cases. Short-term cultures were set up in 21 of the 23 samples, allowing us to obtain a karyotype in 18 specimens (85%). The six tumors that could not be analyzed using the direct method showed a normal karyotype. A diploid chromosome constitution was observed in the four tumors shown to be hypotriploid by the direct method as well as in the tumor with monosomy 13. The trisomies 8 and 12 identified by the direct method in one tumor were still observed, but a clone with a normal karyotype was also found. To the best of our knowledge, this is the only report of the results of cytogenetic studies on pituitary adenomas performed using both direct preparation and short-term culture.

Cytogenetic study of pituitary adenomas / D. Bettio, N. Rizzi, D. Giardino, L. Persani, F. Pecori-Giraldi, M. Losa, L. Larizza. - In: CANCER GENETICS AND CYTOGENETICS. - ISSN 0165-4608. - 98:2(1997 Oct 15), pp. 131-136.

Cytogenetic study of pituitary adenomas

L. Persani;F. Pecori-Giraldi;L. Larizza
Ultimo
1997

Abstract

We report the results of cytogenetic studies on 23 pituitary adenoma specimens, using both the direct and short-term tissue culture methods. The direct method was applied to all of the specimens and allowed a karyotype to be identified in 15 of the processed samples (65%). Four tumors were shown to have a hypotriploid chromosomal constitution, two of which also presented structural clonal rearrangements: an isochromosome 1q,i(1)(q10) and a der(1)t(1;3)(p22;q21) were observed in two PRL-secreting adenomas, one of which also had a telomeric association involving the short arms of chromosomes 14 and 19. Telomeric associations of the long arms of chromosomes 11, 19, and 22 were observed in a near-diploid, non-secreting tumor showing monosomy 13. One other adenoma showed trisomies 8 and 12, a finding that was confirmed by means of the FISH analysis of chromosome 8 and 12 centromeric probes in the more than 300 scored nuclei. An apparently normal chromosome constitution was observed in the remaining nine cases. Short-term cultures were set up in 21 of the 23 samples, allowing us to obtain a karyotype in 18 specimens (85%). The six tumors that could not be analyzed using the direct method showed a normal karyotype. A diploid chromosome constitution was observed in the four tumors shown to be hypotriploid by the direct method as well as in the tumor with monosomy 13. The trisomies 8 and 12 identified by the direct method in one tumor were still observed, but a clone with a normal karyotype was also found. To the best of our knowledge, this is the only report of the results of cytogenetic studies on pituitary adenomas performed using both direct preparation and short-term culture.
human-brain tumors; chromosomal-abnormalities; association; neoplasms
Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/183467
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