The FRAXE fragile site, 600 Kb distal to the more common FRAXA, has been reported to be expressed in subjects with mild nonsyndromal mental retardation. Amplification of more than 200 GCC repeats associated with methylation of the adjacent CpG island at Xq28 is responsible for FRAXE fragility. We describe two unrelated, mentally retarded males identified during a screening for fragile X syndrome. Both index cases underwent FRAXE molecular analysis, following cytogenetic expression of the fra X site and negative FRAXA test. In family 1, we were able to investigate other 13 subjects over three generations, identifying two additional FRAXE-positive males, one with a fully mutated allele and one with a mosaic genotype. Detailed evaluation of physical traits and psychometric tests was performed on three retarded males from family 1 and the propositus from family 2. All of them were found to lack a definite phenotype, and showed different degrees of mental retardation. Slight mental retardation was evident in the mosaic male, suggesting that methylation might be an important determinant of mental impairment.
|Titolo:||Molecular characterization of FRAXE-positive subjects with mental impairement in two unrelated Italian families|
LARIZZA, LIDIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Pedigree; Humans; Child; Fragile X Syndrome; Intellectual Disability; Nerve Tissue Proteins; Phenotype; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Blotting, Southern; RNA-Binding Proteins; Restriction Mapping; Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein; Adolescent; Male|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||23-gen-1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19980123)75:3<304::AID-AJMG16>3.0.CO;2-T|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|