Data collected from 613 children aged 2-14 years who had been hospitalized for acute bronchitis, wheezing, or pneumonia were analysed to evaluate the prescribing practices of pediatricians treating community-acquired lower respiratory tract infection. Antibiotics were prescribed for 92.1% of the children: 85% had acute bronchitis, 72% had wheezing, and 97.9% had pneumonia. A high frequency of antibiotic overuse and inappropriate prescriptions was noted. In order to contain costs and limit the risk of resistant bacteria emerging, it is urgent that pediatricians and parents be educated in the proper use of antibiotics.

Use of antimicrobial agents for community-acquired lower respiratory tract infections in hospitalised children / S. Esposito, F. Blasi, L. Allegra, N. Principi. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY & INFECTIOUS DISEASES. - ISSN 0934-9723. - 20:9(2001 Sep), pp. 647-650.

Use of antimicrobial agents for community-acquired lower respiratory tract infections in hospitalised children

S. Esposito
Primo
;
F. Blasi
Secondo
;
N. Principi
Ultimo
2001-09

Abstract

Data collected from 613 children aged 2-14 years who had been hospitalized for acute bronchitis, wheezing, or pneumonia were analysed to evaluate the prescribing practices of pediatricians treating community-acquired lower respiratory tract infection. Antibiotics were prescribed for 92.1% of the children: 85% had acute bronchitis, 72% had wheezing, and 97.9% had pneumonia. A high frequency of antibiotic overuse and inappropriate prescriptions was noted. In order to contain costs and limit the risk of resistant bacteria emerging, it is urgent that pediatricians and parents be educated in the proper use of antibiotics.
Sensitivity and Specificity; Probability; Pediatrics; Chi-Square Distribution; Humans; Child; Drug Utilization; Italy; Child, Preschool; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Prospective Studies; Respiratory Tract Infections; Hospitalization; Pneumonia, Bacterial; Community-Acquired Infections; Bronchitis; Physician's Practice Patterns; Adolescent; Microbial Sensitivity Tests; Female; Male
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/183442
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