Glial cells are able to metabolize testosterone into DHT through the action of the enzyme 5 alpha-reductase. DHT may be further processed to 3 alpha-diol by the 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase. The aim of this study was to analyze if a modulation of two second messenger systems might be able to modify the 5 alpha-reductase and the 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase activities present in glial cells. To this purpose, the formation of DHT has been measured in rat glial cell cultures after different time of exposure to TPA, 4 alpha-Ph, an active and an inactive phorbol ester respectively, and 8-Br-cAMP. The results obtained indicate that the formation of DHT is not modified by the addition of phorbol esters. On the contrary, a statistically significant increase of 5 alpha-reductase activity, over control levels, has been observed after 6, 12, and 24 h of incubation with 8-Br-cAMP (10(-3) M). The effect of the cAMP analogue appears to be specific for the 5 alpha-reductase, since the 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase did not show any variation after exposure to the drug. In conclusion, the present data suggest that proteinkinase A (PKA) might be involved in the control of the 5 alpha-reductase in glial cells. It is postulated that nervous inputs utilizing cAMP as the second messenger might modify the activity of this enzyme in glial cells.

Intracellular signalling systems controlling the 5 alpha-reductase in glial cell cultures / R. C. Melcangi, F. Celotti, P. Castano, L. Martini. - In: BRAIN RESEARCH. - ISSN 0006-8993. - 585:1-2(1992 Jul 10), pp. 411-415. [10.1016/0006-8993(92)91247-C]

Intracellular signalling systems controlling the 5 alpha-reductase in glial cell cultures

R.C. Melcangi
Primo
;
F. Celotti
Secondo
;
P. Castano
Penultimo
;
L. Martini
Ultimo
1992-07-10

Abstract

Glial cells are able to metabolize testosterone into DHT through the action of the enzyme 5 alpha-reductase. DHT may be further processed to 3 alpha-diol by the 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase. The aim of this study was to analyze if a modulation of two second messenger systems might be able to modify the 5 alpha-reductase and the 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase activities present in glial cells. To this purpose, the formation of DHT has been measured in rat glial cell cultures after different time of exposure to TPA, 4 alpha-Ph, an active and an inactive phorbol ester respectively, and 8-Br-cAMP. The results obtained indicate that the formation of DHT is not modified by the addition of phorbol esters. On the contrary, a statistically significant increase of 5 alpha-reductase activity, over control levels, has been observed after 6, 12, and 24 h of incubation with 8-Br-cAMP (10(-3) M). The effect of the cAMP analogue appears to be specific for the 5 alpha-reductase, since the 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase did not show any variation after exposure to the drug. In conclusion, the present data suggest that proteinkinase A (PKA) might be involved in the control of the 5 alpha-reductase in glial cells. It is postulated that nervous inputs utilizing cAMP as the second messenger might modify the activity of this enzyme in glial cells.
5α-Reductase; Cell culture; Glial cell; Rat; Second messenger; Testosterone
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/183330
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