Two point mutations of ABCA1 gene were found in a patient with Tangier disease (TD): i) G>C in intron 2 (IVS2 +5G>C) and ii) c.844 C>T in exon 9 (R282X). The IVS2 +5G>C mutation was also found in the brother of another deceased TD patient, but not in 78 controls and 33 subjects with low HDL. The IVS2 +5G>C mutation disrupts ABCA1 pre-mRNA splicing in fibroblasts, leading to three abnormal mRNAs: devoid of exon 2 (Ex2-/mRNA), exon 4 (Ex4-/mRNA), or both these exons (Ex2-/Ex4 -/mRNA), each containing a translation initiation site. These mRNAs are expected either not to be translated or generate short peptides. To investigate the in vitro effect of IVS2 +5G>C mutation, we constructed two ABCA1 minigenes encompassing Ex1-Ex3 region, one with wild-type (WTgene) and the other with mutant (MTgene) intron 2. These minigenes were transfected into COS1 and NIH3T3, two cell lines with a different ABCA1 gene expression. In COS1 cells, WTgene pre-mRNA was spliced correctly, while the splicing of MTgene pre-mRNA resulted in Ex2-/mRNA. In NIH3T3, no splicing of MTgene pre-mRNA was observed, whereas WTgene pre-mRNA was spliced correctly. These results stress the complexity of ABCA1 pre-mRNA splicing in the presence of splice site mutations.
|Titolo:||Abnormal splicing of ABCA1 per-mRNA in Tangier disease due to a IVS+5G>C mutation in ABCA1 gene|
|Parole Chiave:||ABCA1 minigenes; Donor splice site mutation; In vitro splicing|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1194/jlr.M200248-JLR200|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|