The conversion of testosterone into 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) has been studied in different hypothalamic nuclear areas and in the superficial layers of the cerebral cortex of normal and castrated male rats. The tissue fragments utilized in each incubation have been punched from frozen brain sections utilizing calibrated needles. Castration has been performed 12 (short term) and 180 (long term) days before sacrifice. The nuclear areas studied include: the medial preoptic nucleus (MPN), the lateral preoptic nucleus (LPN), the anterior hypothalamic nucleus (AHN), the lateral hypothalamic nucleus (LHN), the posterior hypothalamic nucleus (PHN), the nucleus ventromedialis (HVM), the arcuate nucleus (AR), the median eminence (ME), the nucleus paraventricularis (HPV), the supraoptic nucleus (SO) and the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SC). The possible effect of castration on the 5alpha-reductase, were assessed in the MPN, LPN, AHN, LHN, PHN and in the cerebral cortex. The results indicate that, in the male rat: 1) the lateral preoptic(LPN) and the lateral hypothalamic nuclei(LHN) possess a 5alpha-reductase activity higher than that present in the cerebral cortex and in the other hypothalamic nuclei considered; 2) the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SC) apparently possesses a testosterone metabolizing activity lower than that found in any other nervous structures studied so far; 3) castration does not seem to influence the 5alpha-reductase activity either in the hypothalamic nuclear structures considered or in the cerebral cortex.
Testosterone 5 alpha-reductase in discrete hypothalamic nuclear areas in the rat: effect of castration / R. C. Melcangi, F. Celotti, P. Negri-Cesi, L. Martini. - In: STEROIDS. - ISSN 0039-128X. - 45:3-4(1985), pp. 347-356.
|Titolo:||Testosterone 5 alpha-reductase in discrete hypothalamic nuclear areas in the rat: effect of castration|
MELCANGI, COSIMO (Primo)
CELOTTI, FABIO MARIA (Secondo)
NEGRI CESI, PAOLA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Rats; Cerebral Cortex; Animals; Reference Values; Hypothalamus; Tissue Distribution; Time Factors; 3-Oxo-5-alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase; Male; Orchiectomy|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||1985|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0039-128X(85)90083-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|