The oestrogenic activity of cyclophenil, a non-steroidal compound which has structural analogies with both stilbene and triphenylethylene, has been reevaluated utilizing both central and peripheral parameters. The central parameters considered were LH, FSH, prolactin secretion and two enzymatic systems known to be oestrogen-sensitive: hypophyseal 5alpha-reductase and hypothalamic aromatase. The uterine growth test was used to determine oestrogenic peripheral activity. The compound was administered at various doses in comparison with oestradiol benzoate (EB) to long-term castrated female rats. Cyclophenil has an activity 1/8110 times that of EB on uterine growth, and 1/1660 and 1/550 times that of EB in inhibiting LH and FSH, respectively. The hypophyseal 5 alpha-reductase (expressed as DHT formation) was inhibited 1710 times less by cyclophenil than by EB. The other parameters considered were unsuitable to provide a statistically reliable estimate of the potency ratios between the two compounds. The data show that cyclophenil is an oestrogenic compound with peculiar characteristics. This substance is more effective in expressing its oestrogenic activity in central structures than in the peripheral ones.

Cyclophenil, a non-steroidal compound with a higher central than peripheral oestrogenic activity: study of its effects on uterine growth and on some central parameters in castrated female rats / F. Celotti, N. Avogadri, R. C. Melcangi, S. Milani, P. Negri-Cesi. - In: ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA. - ISSN 0001-5598. - 107:3(1984 Nov), pp. 340-345.

Cyclophenil, a non-steroidal compound with a higher central than peripheral oestrogenic activity: study of its effects on uterine growth and on some central parameters in castrated female rats

F. Celotti;R. C. Melcangi;S. Milani;P. Negri-Cesi
1984-11

Abstract

The oestrogenic activity of cyclophenil, a non-steroidal compound which has structural analogies with both stilbene and triphenylethylene, has been reevaluated utilizing both central and peripheral parameters. The central parameters considered were LH, FSH, prolactin secretion and two enzymatic systems known to be oestrogen-sensitive: hypophyseal 5alpha-reductase and hypothalamic aromatase. The uterine growth test was used to determine oestrogenic peripheral activity. The compound was administered at various doses in comparison with oestradiol benzoate (EB) to long-term castrated female rats. Cyclophenil has an activity 1/8110 times that of EB on uterine growth, and 1/1660 and 1/550 times that of EB in inhibiting LH and FSH, respectively. The hypophyseal 5 alpha-reductase (expressed as DHT formation) was inhibited 1710 times less by cyclophenil than by EB. The other parameters considered were unsuitable to provide a statistically reliable estimate of the potency ratios between the two compounds. The data show that cyclophenil is an oestrogenic compound with peculiar characteristics. This substance is more effective in expressing its oestrogenic activity in central structures than in the peripheral ones.
Animals; Uterus; Luteinizing Hormone; 3-Oxo-5-alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase; Organ Size; Castration; Estradiol; Follicle Stimulating Hormone; Rats, Inbred Strains; Prolactin; Rats; Aromatase; Cresols; Cyclofenil; Female
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/183263
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