The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of culture in isolated oviducts relative to meiotic maturation, the time required to resume meiosis and the viability of the canine oocytes. For this purpose, cumulus–oocyte complexes and isthmus–ampullar tracts of the oviducts were collected from bitches undergoing ovariohysterectomies and destined to two experiments of culture. In experiment 1, the oocytes were cultured for 24 or 30 h: (1) in 100 ll drops under oil; (2) on the mucosal epithelium of the open oviducts; (3) in the ligated oviducts. In experiment 2, oocytes were cultured in the ligated oviduct for 24, 30 and 48 h. A group of control oocytes was not cultured (0 h). The results showed that within 30 h of culture, a higher proportion of oocytes (p < 0.001) resumed meiosis in the ligated oviduct (63.8%) than in drop (20.4%) or in the open oviduct (27.1%). Moreover, 24 and 30 h of culture assured higher proportions of meiosis resumption than 48 h (69.2and 59.1% vs 35.8%, p < 0.005). Oocyte resumption of meiosis was mainly determined by oocytes at meiotic stages preceding metaphase I, while stages between metaphase I and II in the ligated oviduct ranged between 12.5 and 31.9%. The extension of the culture time up to 48 h in the oviduct increased oocyte degeneration significantly (59.3%, p < 0.0001) compared with 24 and 30 h (18.7 and 27.3%, respectively) and the oviductal epithelium showed nuclear picnosis and degeneration following culture. The present study suggests that the close physical interaction between the canine oocytes and the oviductal tract positively affects oocyte maturation, and meiosis is resumed within 30 h of culture. Moreover, the oocyte survival is better preserved within 30 h in the ligated oviduct compared with the conventional culture in drop or to the culture in the open oviduct, but the ligated oviduct does not assure viability of the oocytes up to 48 h of culture.
Meiosis resumption of canine oocytes cultured in the isolated oviduct / G.C. Luvoni, S. Chigioni, E. Allievi, D. Macis. - In: REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS. - ISSN 0936-6768. - 38:5(2003), pp. 410-414.
|Titolo:||Meiosis resumption of canine oocytes cultured in the isolated oviduct|
LUVONI, GAIA CECILIA (Primo)
CHIGIONI, SARA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Dog ; oocyte ; nuclear maturation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/10 - Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0531.2003.00457.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|