The process of aging deeply influences morphological and functional parameters of the peripheral nerves. Interestingly, recent observations performed in our laboratory on the rat sciatic nerves have indicated that the deterioration of myelin occurring in the peripheral nerves during aging may be explained by the fall of the messenger levels of the major peripheral myelin proteins (glycoprotein Po, myelin basic protein and peripheral myelin protein 22). At least in the case of the Po, the low levels of its messengers and of the protein itself found in aged animals are increased by the treatment with a physiological progesterone derivative like dihydroprogesterone. It has also been found that in normal adult male rats the levels of the messengers for Po in the sciatic nerve are increased by progesterone, dihydroprogesterone and tetrahydroprogesterone; surprisingly, the gene expression of peripheral myelin protein 22 is stimulated only by tetrahydroprogesterone. These observations have been confirmed in parallel studies performed on Schwann cell cultures. Since tetrahydroprogesterone does not bind to the progesterone receptor but is a ligand for the GABAA receptor, the hypothesis has been put forward that part of the steroidal effects reported might occur not through the classical progesterone receptor, but rather via an interaction with the GABAA receptor. In other experiments it has been found that the gene expression of Po may be decreased by orchidectomy and restored by treatment with the androgen dihydrotestosterone. Altogether, these observations suggest the future use of physiological and/ or synthetic steroid hormones as a possible therapeutic approach for some pathological situations occurring in peripheral nerves during aging and demyelinating diseases.
Aging in peripheral nerves: regulation of myelin protein genes by steroid hormones / R.C. Melcangi, V. Magnaghi, L. Martini. - In: PROGRESS IN NEUROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-0082. - 60:3(2000 Feb), pp. 291-308.
|Titolo:||Aging in peripheral nerves: regulation of myelin protein genes by steroid hormones|
MELCANGI, COSIMO (Primo)
MAGNAGHI, VALERIO (Secondo)
MARTINI, LUCIANO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Peripheral Nerves ; Animals ; Myelin Proteins ; Humans ; Aging ; Gonadal Steroid Hormones ; Steroids|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0301-0082(99)00028-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|