OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of processivity and drug-dependence of HIV-1 protease as fitness determinants in variants resistant to protease inhibitors (PI). DESIGN AND METHODS: HIV-1 protease sequences from 32 infected subjects (27 patients who failed PI-treatments and five PI-naive controls) were evaluated using a recombinant method. The HIV-1 phenotype to seven PI was analysed together with the replication capacity of recombinants and the processivity and drug-dependence of the HIV-1 proteases. Protease mutants (positions 10, 46, 54, 82, 84, 90, and combinations thereof) were generated in vitro and studied under identical experimental conditions. RESULTS: In the absence of PI, 24 of 27 (89%) resistant proteases from treated subjects showed decreased processivity compared with the wild type. Processivity was lower in sequences bearing fewer mutations, than in more mutated ones. Twelve sequences (44%) conferred slower replication kinetics to the recombinant viruses. Seven sequences (26%) showed higher processivity levels in the presence of PI than in their absence, suggesting that drug-dependence influences PI-resistant variants. Among the mutants generated in vitro, mutations 82A and 90M determined broad cross-resistance to PI in association with 10I. A drop of processivity was observed for the 82A+90M variants; 10I allowed partial recovery for 82A and 84V, and marked recovery for 90M mutants. CONCLUSIONS: A decrease in HIV-1 protease processivity parallels early selection of primary mutations, whereas its recovery is driven by compensatory mutations. Furthermore, a PI may select drug-dependent, besides resistant, HIV-1 protease variants. Changes in processivity and drug-dependence of HIV-1 proteases have implications in the replication capacity of PI-resistant viruses.
|Titolo:||Processivity and drug-dependence of HIV-1 protease : determinants of viral fitness in variants resistant to protease inhibitors|
|Parole Chiave:||HIV-1 fitness ; protease inhibitors ; drug-dependence ; enzyme processivity|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive|
|Data di pubblicazione:||28-mar-2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/00002030-200303280-00003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|