An investigation was made into the possible involvement of the enzyme xanthine oxidase (XO) (EC 1.1.3.22), both reversible (XOrev) and irreversible (XOirr), in damage observed after short-term in vivo hepatic ischaemia/reperfusion (60 or 120 min I and 15 min R) in fasted rats with: (i) a physiological content of XO (25%); and (ii) higher XO percentage (45%). In the latter the hepatic XO physiological percentage was increased by diethylmaleate treatment (300 mg kg(-1)) that depleted the cytosolic glutathione (GSH) to 14% of the controls. It was shown that, in animals with physiological content of XO, 60 and 120 min of hepatic ischaemia followed by 15 min reperfusion results in decreased GSH levels, and significantly increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum levels, without any modification of either the percentages of XO (XOirr and XOrev) or the hepatic thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Sixty minutes of ischaemia/reperfusion in rats with the higher XO level and lower hepatic GSH content led to further conversion of XDH to XOrev, with no increase in XOirr. In addition, the ALT and AST serum levels in these animals rose to the same extent as in normal rats after 120 min ischaemia and 15 min reperfusion, this extent being observed to be associated with a moderate increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). However, the administration of allopurinol, at a dose of 50 mg kg(-1), which almost completely inhibits XO activity, did not lead to any decrease in liver damage or TBARS. These findings exclude any role of XO in liver damage in the short term following ischaemia/reperfusion events, also when marked GSH depletion could increase the enzymatic physiological XO level.

NO DOCUMENTABLE ROLE FOR XANTHINE-OXIDASE IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF HEPATIC IN-VIVO ISCHAEMIA/REPERFUSION INJURY / G. CIGHETTI, S. DEBIASI, R. PARONI. - In: PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1043-6618. - 30:3(1994 Oct), pp. 243-251.

NO DOCUMENTABLE ROLE FOR XANTHINE-OXIDASE IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF HEPATIC IN-VIVO ISCHAEMIA/REPERFUSION INJURY

G. CIGHETTI
Primo
;
R. PARONI
Ultimo
1994

Abstract

An investigation was made into the possible involvement of the enzyme xanthine oxidase (XO) (EC 1.1.3.22), both reversible (XOrev) and irreversible (XOirr), in damage observed after short-term in vivo hepatic ischaemia/reperfusion (60 or 120 min I and 15 min R) in fasted rats with: (i) a physiological content of XO (25%); and (ii) higher XO percentage (45%). In the latter the hepatic XO physiological percentage was increased by diethylmaleate treatment (300 mg kg(-1)) that depleted the cytosolic glutathione (GSH) to 14% of the controls. It was shown that, in animals with physiological content of XO, 60 and 120 min of hepatic ischaemia followed by 15 min reperfusion results in decreased GSH levels, and significantly increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum levels, without any modification of either the percentages of XO (XOirr and XOrev) or the hepatic thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Sixty minutes of ischaemia/reperfusion in rats with the higher XO level and lower hepatic GSH content led to further conversion of XDH to XOrev, with no increase in XOirr. In addition, the ALT and AST serum levels in these animals rose to the same extent as in normal rats after 120 min ischaemia and 15 min reperfusion, this extent being observed to be associated with a moderate increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). However, the administration of allopurinol, at a dose of 50 mg kg(-1), which almost completely inhibits XO activity, did not lead to any decrease in liver damage or TBARS. These findings exclude any role of XO in liver damage in the short term following ischaemia/reperfusion events, also when marked GSH depletion could increase the enzymatic physiological XO level.
DIETHYLMALEATE; ALANINE AND ASPARTATE AMINOTRANSFERASE; THIOBARBITURIC ACID REACTIVE SUBSTANCES; ISCHEMIA-REPERFUSION INJURY; OXYGEN-FREE-RADICALS; RAT-LIVER; REACTIVE OXYGEN; CELL INJURY; DEHYDROGENASE; CONVERSION; GLUTATHIONE; MECHANISM; STRESS
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/182648
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