Apo A-IMilano is a mutant form of apo A-I in which cysteine is substituted for arginine at amino acid 173. Subjects with apo A-IMilano are characterized by having low levels of plasma HDL cholesterol and apo A-I. To determine the kinetic etiology of the decreased plasma levels of the apo A-I in these individuals, normal and mutant apo A-I were isolated, radiolabeled with either 125I or 131I, and both types of apo A-I were simultaneously injected into two normal control subjects and two subjects heterozygous for apo A-IMilano. In the normal subjects, apo A-IMilano was catabolizcd more rapidly than the normal apo A-I (mean residence times of 5.11 d for normal apo A-I vs. 3.91 d for apo A-IMilano), clearly establishing that apo A-IMilano is kinetically abnormal and that it has a shortened residence time in plasma. In the two apo A-IMilano subjects, both types of apo A-I were catabolized more rapidly than normal (residence times ranging from 2.63 to 3.70 d) with normal total apo A-I production rates (mean of 10.3 vs. 10.4 mg/kg per d in the normal subjects). Therefore, in the subjects with apo A-IMilano, the decreased apo A-I levels are caused by rapid catabolism of apo A-I and not to a decreased production rate, and the abnormal apo A-IMilano leads to the rapid catabolism of both the normal and mutant forms of apo A-I in the affected subjects.

INVIVO METABOLISM OF A MUTANT FORM OF APOLIPOPROTEIN A-I, APO A-I(MILANO), ASSOCIATED WITH FAMILIAL HYPOALPHALIPOPROTEINEMIA / P. ROMA, R. GREGG, M. MENG, R. RONAN, L. ZECH, G. FRANCESCHINI, C. SIRTORI, H. BREWER. - In: THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0021-9738. - 91:4(1993), pp. 1445-1452. [10.1172/JCI116349]

INVIVO METABOLISM OF A MUTANT FORM OF APOLIPOPROTEIN A-I, APO A-I(MILANO), ASSOCIATED WITH FAMILIAL HYPOALPHALIPOPROTEINEMIA

G. FRANCESCHINI;C. SIRTORI
Penultimo
;
1993

Abstract

Apo A-IMilano is a mutant form of apo A-I in which cysteine is substituted for arginine at amino acid 173. Subjects with apo A-IMilano are characterized by having low levels of plasma HDL cholesterol and apo A-I. To determine the kinetic etiology of the decreased plasma levels of the apo A-I in these individuals, normal and mutant apo A-I were isolated, radiolabeled with either 125I or 131I, and both types of apo A-I were simultaneously injected into two normal control subjects and two subjects heterozygous for apo A-IMilano. In the normal subjects, apo A-IMilano was catabolizcd more rapidly than the normal apo A-I (mean residence times of 5.11 d for normal apo A-I vs. 3.91 d for apo A-IMilano), clearly establishing that apo A-IMilano is kinetically abnormal and that it has a shortened residence time in plasma. In the two apo A-IMilano subjects, both types of apo A-I were catabolized more rapidly than normal (residence times ranging from 2.63 to 3.70 d) with normal total apo A-I production rates (mean of 10.3 vs. 10.4 mg/kg per d in the normal subjects). Therefore, in the subjects with apo A-IMilano, the decreased apo A-I levels are caused by rapid catabolism of apo A-I and not to a decreased production rate, and the abnormal apo A-IMilano leads to the rapid catabolism of both the normal and mutant forms of apo A-I in the affected subjects.
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/182535
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