The in vitro metabolism of high density lipoproteins (HDL) in carriers of the apolipoprotein AIMilano (apoAIM) mutant was investigated during incubation of whole plasma and isolated lipoprotein fractions. A reduced cholesterol esterification (16.5 versus 25.0% for controls) and a decreased exchange of lipids between HDL and lower density lipoproteins was observed during incubation (6 h at 37°C) of AIM plasma. Control HDL3 were converted to larger, faster-floating HDL particles, whereas only a fraction of AIM HDL3 followed the same pathway. Incubations were also carried out by mixing HDL3 from controls and AIM carriers with a lipoprotein-depleted plasma fraction in the presence of triglyceride-rich particles isolated from Intralipid. AIM HDL3 again showed a reduced capacity for lipid exchange; some HDL3 particles followed a "normal" conversion to faster-floating, larger HDL, whereas the small AIM HDL3 were not modified, indicating that AIM HDL3 are a mixture of metabolically functional and nonfunctional particles. Following transformation of the apoAIM homo- and heterodimers into their normal counterparts, i.e. monomeric apoAI and -AII, by reduction and carboxamidomethylation of AIM HDL3, the modified HDL3 behave like control HDL3 during incubation with lipoprotein-depleted plasma and triglyceride-rich particles. The presence of AIM dimers is most likely responsible for the increased HDL3 stability in the AIM carriers, indicating that apolipoprotein composition plays a major role in HDL particle interconversion.

APOLIPOPROTEIN AIMILANO - DISULFIDE-LINKED DIMERS INCREASE HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN STABILITY AND HINDER PARTICLE INTERCONVERSION IN CARRIER PLASMA / G. FRANCESCHINI, L. CALABRESI, C. TOSI, G. GIANFRANCESCHI, C. SIRTORI, A. NICHOLS. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - 265:21(1990), pp. 12224-12231.

APOLIPOPROTEIN AIMILANO - DISULFIDE-LINKED DIMERS INCREASE HIGH-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN STABILITY AND HINDER PARTICLE INTERCONVERSION IN CARRIER PLASMA

G. FRANCESCHINI
Primo
;
L. CALABRESI
Secondo
;
C. SIRTORI
Penultimo
;
1990

Abstract

The in vitro metabolism of high density lipoproteins (HDL) in carriers of the apolipoprotein AIMilano (apoAIM) mutant was investigated during incubation of whole plasma and isolated lipoprotein fractions. A reduced cholesterol esterification (16.5 versus 25.0% for controls) and a decreased exchange of lipids between HDL and lower density lipoproteins was observed during incubation (6 h at 37°C) of AIM plasma. Control HDL3 were converted to larger, faster-floating HDL particles, whereas only a fraction of AIM HDL3 followed the same pathway. Incubations were also carried out by mixing HDL3 from controls and AIM carriers with a lipoprotein-depleted plasma fraction in the presence of triglyceride-rich particles isolated from Intralipid. AIM HDL3 again showed a reduced capacity for lipid exchange; some HDL3 particles followed a "normal" conversion to faster-floating, larger HDL, whereas the small AIM HDL3 were not modified, indicating that AIM HDL3 are a mixture of metabolically functional and nonfunctional particles. Following transformation of the apoAIM homo- and heterodimers into their normal counterparts, i.e. monomeric apoAI and -AII, by reduction and carboxamidomethylation of AIM HDL3, the modified HDL3 behave like control HDL3 during incubation with lipoprotein-depleted plasma and triglyceride-rich particles. The presence of AIM dimers is most likely responsible for the increased HDL3 stability in the AIM carriers, indicating that apolipoprotein composition plays a major role in HDL particle interconversion.
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/182486
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