In two groups of patients on chronic haemodialysis treatment, the common PVC-DEHP blood tubing was replaced with tubing containing tri-(2-ethylhexyl)-trimellate (TOTM) as plasticizer. The aim of the present study was to measure the amount of TOTM and/or its metabolites (TAE s) in plasma, resulting from TOTM that might leach from the dialysis tubes. The arterial levels of TAE s at the start of the dialysis sessions were monitored by Selected Ion Monitoring (SIM) analysis once a week for a period of 42 days. A gradual decrease in TAE was observed during the first 21 days of the haemodialysis treatment with the PVC-TOTM tubes. After three weeks, the TAE levels remained constant until the end of the study. On day 120 of the haemodialysis treatment, the plasma TAE concentrations from the inflow and outflow tubes of the dialyzer were monitored during a single haemodialysis session at different times after starting dialysis. At the beginning of the dialysis session, the mean concentration of TAE was 55.81 +/- 14.98 ng/ml (mean +/- standard error), while at the end the levels were 73.34 +/- 17.05 ng/ml. There were no significant differences between venous and arterial sampling points in the trimellitic ester concentrations. Less TOTM is apparently leached from haemodialysis than DEHP. TOTM can be recommended as an alternative plasticizer to DEHP, but its possible toxicity in humans should be investigated before it can be used routinely.
|Titolo:||Leachability of a new plasticizer tri-(2-ethylhexyl)-trimellitate from haemodialysis tubing|
DE ANGELIS, LEONARDO (Secondo)
GALLI, GIOVANNI CARLO (Penultimo)
GALLI, CORRADO LODOVICO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1988|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|