(S)-Diethyl malate 1a was prepared (70-80% yield; > 98% optical purity) by an enantioselective reduction of sodium diethyl oxalacetate 2 by fermenting baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). Other microorganisms were tested for their capability of reducing 2. Most of them afforded (S)-1a-with ee from 8 to 94% and only Candida utilis, Aspergillus niger and Lactobacillus fermentum ILC G18D preferentially reduced compound 2 to (R)-1a. (R)-Dimethyl malate 1b was obtained from (R,S)-malate 1b by hydrolysis with pig liver esterase (PLE), the highest ee (93%) being realized at 0-degrees-C in 20% aqueous methanol. Enzymatic hydrolyses of protected malates 1d and 1e did not lead to improvement of the ee.
|Titolo:||A BIOCATALYTIC APPROACH TO THE ENANTIOSELECTIVE SYNTHESIS OF (R)-MALIC AND (S)-MALIC ACID|
SANTANIELLO, ENZO (Primo)
FERRABOSCHI, PATRIZIA (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1039/p19910000601|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|