The effect of chenodeoxycholic (CDCA), ursodeoxycholic (UDCA), tauroursodeoxycholic (TUDCA), cholic (CA), ursocholic (UCA) acids, analogues of CDCA and UDCA with a cyclopropyl ring at C22, C23 (cypro-CDCA and cypro-UDCA) and 23-methylursodeoxycholic acid (MUDCA) on cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase was studied in rat liver microsomes. Cypro-analogues consisted of a mixture of four diasteroisomers, while MUDCA was the racemic mixture of two enantiomers. Each steroid was added to liver microsomes at concentrations ranging from 10 to 200 microM. With the exception of UCA and CA, all the bile acids inhibited cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity. The inhibition shown by cypro-CDCA and cypro-UDCA was stronger than that observed with the corresponding natural compounds. 22S,23S cypro-UDCA exhibited an inhibitory effect which was more pronounced than that of the diasteroisomer mixture. The isomer 22R,23S was less effective and decreased cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity in a manner comparable to that of UDCA. The effect of CDCA, UDCA and the cyclopropyl analogues was also tested with respect to HMG-CoA reductase and acylCoA cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) activities. ACAT was stimulated by the isomer 22S,23S cypro-UDCA but not affected by the other bile acids. No effect was observed as regards HMG-CoA reductase.
Effect of natural and structurally modified bile acids on cholesterol metabolizing enzymes in rat liver microsomes / M. Crestani, E. De Fabiani, B. Malavasi, M. Cancellieri, G. Galli, E. Bosisio. - In: CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS OF LIPIDS. - ISSN 0009-3084. - 51:2(1989 Oct), pp. 119-126.
|Titolo:||Effect of natural and structurally modified bile acids on cholesterol metabolizing enzymes in rat liver microsomes|
CRESTANI, MAURIZIO (Primo)
DE FABIANI, EMMA SELINA ROSA (Secondo)
GALLI, GIOVANNI CARLO (Penultimo)
BOSISIO, ENRICA ANGELA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Rats, Inbred Strains; Rats; Cholesterol 7-alpha-Hydroxylase; Microsomes, Liver; Animals; Bile Acids and Salts; Sterol O-Acyltransferase; Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases; Cholesterol; Male; Structure-Activity Relationship|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-1989|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-3084(89)90045-5|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|