The concentrations of beta-endorphin have been shown to change in the rat brain during pregnancy and lactation. This study has been performed in order to analyze whether also brain opioid receptors might undergo significant modifications during these two physiological situations. The maximal binding capacity (Bmax) and the constant of affinity (Ka) of the mu-subpopulation of opioid receptors have been evaluated in the hypothalami of female rats at different stages of pregnancy (7, 15 and 22 days), on the day of parturition (12-18 h after delivery) and 6-8 days postpartum (both in lactating and in nonlactating animals). Female rats killed on the day of estrus served as controls. The receptor binding assay has been performed utilizing [3H]-dihydromorphine [( 3H]-DHM) as the ligand for the mu-opioid receptors. Hypothalamic concentrations of beta-endorphin as well as serum levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and prolactin have also been evaluated by radioimmunoassay. The results showed that the concentration of hypothalamic mu-opioid receptors increased during pregnancy, being significantly higher than in the controls at days 15 and 22 of gestation. After delivery, the concentration of these receptors returned towards control values, regardless on whether the animals were lactating or not. The Ka values of [3H]-DHM for the mu-receptors did not change significantly in the different groups of experimental animals. Hypothalamic beta-endorphin content showed a modest though not significant increase at the end of gestation (day 22) and returned to control values 12-18 h after delivery.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Hypothalamic opiatergic tone during pregnancy, parturition and lactation in the rat / D. Dondi, R. Maggi, A. E. Panerai, F. Piva, P. Limonta. - In: NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0028-3835. - 53:5(1991 May), pp. 460-466.

Hypothalamic opiatergic tone during pregnancy, parturition and lactation in the rat

D. Dondi
Primo
;
R. Maggi
Secondo
;
A. E. Panerai;F. Piva
Penultimo
;
P. Limonta
Ultimo
1991-05

Abstract

The concentrations of beta-endorphin have been shown to change in the rat brain during pregnancy and lactation. This study has been performed in order to analyze whether also brain opioid receptors might undergo significant modifications during these two physiological situations. The maximal binding capacity (Bmax) and the constant of affinity (Ka) of the mu-subpopulation of opioid receptors have been evaluated in the hypothalami of female rats at different stages of pregnancy (7, 15 and 22 days), on the day of parturition (12-18 h after delivery) and 6-8 days postpartum (both in lactating and in nonlactating animals). Female rats killed on the day of estrus served as controls. The receptor binding assay has been performed utilizing [3H]-dihydromorphine [( 3H]-DHM) as the ligand for the mu-opioid receptors. Hypothalamic concentrations of beta-endorphin as well as serum levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and prolactin have also been evaluated by radioimmunoassay. The results showed that the concentration of hypothalamic mu-opioid receptors increased during pregnancy, being significantly higher than in the controls at days 15 and 22 of gestation. After delivery, the concentration of these receptors returned towards control values, regardless on whether the animals were lactating or not. The Ka values of [3H]-DHM for the mu-receptors did not change significantly in the different groups of experimental animals. Hypothalamic beta-endorphin content showed a modest though not significant increase at the end of gestation (day 22) and returned to control values 12-18 h after delivery.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
hypothalamus; lactation; opioids; pregnancy; receptors
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/181930
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