It is known that the neural mechanisms which control PRL and gonadotropin secretion are different in male and female rats. The present experiments have been designed in order to analyze: 1) whether sexual differences exist in the responses of PRL and LH to the opioid antagonist naloxone; and 2) the mechanisms underlying these possible differences. To this purpose the responses of PRL and LH to the sc injection of either saline (0.5 ml) or naloxone (2.5 mg/kg) have been tested in the following four groups of animals: 1) normal male rats; 2) normal female rats; 3) female rats treated on the second day of life with 1.25 mg testosterone (androgenized female rats); and 4) male rats orchidectomized 2 days postnatally (demasculinized male rats). The naloxone challenge has been provided when the animals were 16, 26, and 60 days old; the animals were killed in the afternoon 20 min after treatment. The results obtained have shown that the acute injection of naloxone significantly decreases serum levels of PRL in normal males and in androgenized females at all ages considered. On the contrary, the opioid antagonist was always ineffective in normal females and in neonatally castrated males. The treatment of male rats with naloxone was without any effect on LH release before puberty (at 16 and 26 days of age), but induced a significant increase of serum LH titers after sexual maturation (60 days). In normal females, naloxone brought about a significant increase of serum LH only at 16 and 60 days (animals in estrus), but not at 26 days. Treatment with naloxone did not exert any significant effect on LH release in androgenized females and in deandrogenized males of any age. The present data suggest that, in the rat a sexual difference exists in the opiatergic control of PRL secretion; apparently, the central opioid systems which regulate PRL secretion develop towards a male pattern because of the presence of androgens in the neonatal period. On the contrary neonatal androgens do not seem to exert any important effect in directing the organization of the opiatergic mechanisms controlling LH release.

Neonatal organization of the brain opioid systems controlling prolactin and luteinizing hormone secretion / P. Limonta, D. Dondi, R. Maggi, L. Martini, F. Piva. - In: ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0013-7227. - 124:2(1989 Feb), pp. 681-686.

Neonatal organization of the brain opioid systems controlling prolactin and luteinizing hormone secretion

P. Limonta
Primo
;
D. Dondi
Secondo
;
R. Maggi;L. Martini
Penultimo
;
1989-02

Abstract

It is known that the neural mechanisms which control PRL and gonadotropin secretion are different in male and female rats. The present experiments have been designed in order to analyze: 1) whether sexual differences exist in the responses of PRL and LH to the opioid antagonist naloxone; and 2) the mechanisms underlying these possible differences. To this purpose the responses of PRL and LH to the sc injection of either saline (0.5 ml) or naloxone (2.5 mg/kg) have been tested in the following four groups of animals: 1) normal male rats; 2) normal female rats; 3) female rats treated on the second day of life with 1.25 mg testosterone (androgenized female rats); and 4) male rats orchidectomized 2 days postnatally (demasculinized male rats). The naloxone challenge has been provided when the animals were 16, 26, and 60 days old; the animals were killed in the afternoon 20 min after treatment. The results obtained have shown that the acute injection of naloxone significantly decreases serum levels of PRL in normal males and in androgenized females at all ages considered. On the contrary, the opioid antagonist was always ineffective in normal females and in neonatally castrated males. The treatment of male rats with naloxone was without any effect on LH release before puberty (at 16 and 26 days of age), but induced a significant increase of serum LH titers after sexual maturation (60 days). In normal females, naloxone brought about a significant increase of serum LH only at 16 and 60 days (animals in estrus), but not at 26 days. Treatment with naloxone did not exert any significant effect on LH release in androgenized females and in deandrogenized males of any age. The present data suggest that, in the rat a sexual difference exists in the opiatergic control of PRL secretion; apparently, the central opioid systems which regulate PRL secretion develop towards a male pattern because of the presence of androgens in the neonatal period. On the contrary neonatal androgens do not seem to exert any important effect in directing the organization of the opiatergic mechanisms controlling LH release.
Animals; Reference Values; Luteinizing Hormone; Sex Factors; Aging; Brain; Endorphins; Sexual Maturation; Orchiectomy; Naloxone; Prolactin; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Animals, Newborn; Testosterone; Female; Male
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/181910
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