Aging exerts profound influences on the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular-axis. This work has been performed in order to verify whether, in male rats, the decreased secretion of LH and testosterone (T) occurring in old animals is reflected by modifications of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) receptors at the level of the anterior pituitary and of the testes. To this purpose, the affinity constant (Ka) and the maximal binding capacity (Bmax) for the LHRH analog [D-Ser(tBu)6]des-Gly10-LHRH-N-ethylamide were evaluated, by means of a receptor binding assay, in membrane preparations derived from the anterior pituitary and testicular Leydig cells of male rats of 3 and 19 months of age. Serum levels of LH and T were measured by specific RIAs. The results obtained show that, in aged male rats, the concentration of pituitary LHRH receptors is significantly lower than that found in young animals. On the other hand, the concentration of LHRH binding sites is significantly increased on the membranes of Leydig cells of old rats. In no instance the Ka for the LHRH analog is significantly affected. Serum levels of LH and T are significantly lower in old than in young male rats. In conclusion, these results suggest that the reduced secretion of LH in old male rats may be linked, at least partially, to a decrease of the number of pituitary LHRH receptors. The impaired production of testosterone occurring in aged rats is accompanied by a significant increase of the number of testicular LHRH receptors, indicating that also the intratesticular mechanisms controlling testosterone release undergo significant alterations with aging.
Effects of aging on pituitary and testicular luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone receptors in the rat / P. Limonta, D. Dondi, R. Maggi, L. Martini, F. Piva. - In: LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 0024-3205. - 42:3(1988), pp. 335-42-342.
|Titolo:||Effects of aging on pituitary and testicular luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone receptors in the rat|
LIMONTA, PATRIZIA (Primo)
DONDI, DONATELLA (Secondo)
MARTINI, LUCIANO (Penultimo)
PIVA, FLAVIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Rats, Inbred Strains; Rats; Animals; Testosterone; Receptors, LH; Pituitary Gland; Luteinizing Hormone; Testis; Aging; Male|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata|
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||1988|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0024-3205(88)90643-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|