Pneumocystis carinii, and the inflammatory response it provokes, together contribute to irreversible lung damage in immunocompromised patients. P. carinii cysts were found to be capable of inducing tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) release from alveolar macrophages in a concentration-dependent manner. At physiologically achievable concentrations, pentamidine isethionate (pentamidine) substantially reduces such production. Pretreatment of alveolar macrophages (AM∅) with interferon-γ (IFN-γ) synergizes with P. carinii to produce increased levels of TNF, a condition which pentamidine was also able to antagonize. Pentamidine treatment did not interfere with the phagocytic ability of AM∅. Considering clinical reduction of TNF could lessen P. carinii pneumonia (PCP) induced inflammation, the efficacy of pentamidine in the treatment of PCP may be partially associated with its ability to inhibit the release of inflammatory mediators such as TNF.
|Titolo:||Pneumocystis carinii induction of tumor necrosis factor-α by alveolar macrophages: Modulation by pentamidine isethionate|
CORSINI, EMANUELA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||AIDS; Alveolar macrophages; Pentamidine; Pneumocystis carinii; Tumor necrosis factor-α; γ-Interferon|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0165-2478(92)90228-G|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|