Pharmacologic inhibition of cytokines, particularly interleukin-1 (IL-1), potentially has numerous therapeutic applications in inflammatory diseases. We demonstrate that pentamidine, an aromatic diamidine currently used to treat Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, is a specific and effective inhibitor of cellular IL-1 release from macrophages, and we have shown that this blockage occurs at neither the transcriptional nor the translational level. Pentamidine induced inhibition of IL-1 occurs via an alteration in the post-translational modification of the protein, altering the intracellular and/or membrane cleavage of the 31-kDa pro-IL-1 to the 17-kDa secreted form. In addition, pentamidine exhibited less broad immunosuppressive actions when compared to a corticosteroid, the classical therapeutics utilized for inhibition of cytokine production.
|Titolo:||Pentamidine: An inhibitor of interleukin-1 that acts via a post-translational event|
CORSINI, EMANUELA (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0041-008X(91)90318-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|