The mechanism of action of pentamidine isethionate, a diamidino compound used in the treatment of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, is unknown. We recently reported that this drug may inhibit the release of inflammatory mediators from alveolar macrophages, which may be associated with its antiparasite activity. As a potential anti-inflammatory agent, we report that topically applied pentamidine reduces ear swelling in the contact hypersensitivity reaction to oxazolone in B6C3F1 mice. The application of pentamidine must occur within 1 h, at the challenge site, to be effective. Topical application appears necessary, because i.v. injection had no effect on reduction of ear swelling. In dose-response studies, a 50% reduction in ear swelling was achieved with as little as 20 μg of pentamidine. Pentamidine did not affect Ag transport from the challenge site to the draining lymph nodes, as measured by FITC transport. However, there was a 30 to 40% reduction in epidermal cells expressing Ia Ag from pentamidine-treated mouse ears, compared with control. Ia expression is almost exclusively limited to Langerhans cells in the normal epidermis. This reduction in Ia expression was not due to simple depletion of Langerhans cells by pentamidine, because CD45 expression was unaffected. Concurrent with reduced Ia expression, Ag presentation by pentamidine-treated Langerhans cells was also reduced. Taken together, a mechanism of action for pentamidine in inhibition of the contact hypersensitivity reaction appears to be via a reduction in Ag presentation by decreasing Ia+ Langerhans cells.
|Titolo:||Pentamidine isethionate reduces Ia expression and antigen presentation by Langerhans cells and inhibits the contact hypersensitivity reaction|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|