The flavoprotein D-aspartate oxidase (EC 1.4.3.1) has been purified to homogeneity from beef kidney cortex. The protein is a monomer with a molecular weight of 39,000 containing 1 molecule of flavin. The enzyme as isolated is a mixture of a major active form containing FAD and a minor inactive form containing 6-hydroxy-flavin adenine dinucleotide (6-OH-FAD). The absorption and fluorescence spectral properties of the two forms have been studied separately after reconstitution of the apoprotein with FAD or 6-OH-FAD, respectively. FAD-reconstituted D-aspartate oxidase has flavin fluorescence, shows characteristic spectral perturbation upon binding of the competitive inhibitor tartaric acid, is promptly reduced by D-aspartic acid under anaerobiosis, reacts with sulfite to form a reversible covalent adduct, stabilizes the red anionic form of the flavin semiquinone upon photoreduction, and yields the 3,4-dihydro-FAD-form after reduction with borohydride. A Kd of 5 X 10(-8) M was calculated for the binding of FAD to the apoprotein. 6-OH-FAD-reconstituted D-aspartate oxidase has no flavin fluorescence, shows no spectral perturbation in the presence of tartaric acid, is not reduced by D-aspartic acid under anaerobiosis, does not stabilize any semiquinone upon photoreduction, and does not yield the 3,4-dihydro-form of the coenzyme when reduced with borohydride; the enzyme stabilizes the p-quinoid anionic form of 6-OH-FAD and lowers its pKa more than two pH units below the value observed for the free flavin. The general properties of the enzyme thus resemble those of the dehydrogenase/oxidase class of flavoprotein, particularly those of the amino acid oxidases.

D-aspartate oxidase from beef kidney / A. Negri, V. Massey and C. H. Williams, Jr. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - 262:21(1987), pp. 10026-10034.

D-aspartate oxidase from beef kidney

A. Negri
Primo
;
1987

Abstract

The flavoprotein D-aspartate oxidase (EC 1.4.3.1) has been purified to homogeneity from beef kidney cortex. The protein is a monomer with a molecular weight of 39,000 containing 1 molecule of flavin. The enzyme as isolated is a mixture of a major active form containing FAD and a minor inactive form containing 6-hydroxy-flavin adenine dinucleotide (6-OH-FAD). The absorption and fluorescence spectral properties of the two forms have been studied separately after reconstitution of the apoprotein with FAD or 6-OH-FAD, respectively. FAD-reconstituted D-aspartate oxidase has flavin fluorescence, shows characteristic spectral perturbation upon binding of the competitive inhibitor tartaric acid, is promptly reduced by D-aspartic acid under anaerobiosis, reacts with sulfite to form a reversible covalent adduct, stabilizes the red anionic form of the flavin semiquinone upon photoreduction, and yields the 3,4-dihydro-FAD-form after reduction with borohydride. A Kd of 5 X 10(-8) M was calculated for the binding of FAD to the apoprotein. 6-OH-FAD-reconstituted D-aspartate oxidase has no flavin fluorescence, shows no spectral perturbation in the presence of tartaric acid, is not reduced by D-aspartic acid under anaerobiosis, does not stabilize any semiquinone upon photoreduction, and does not yield the 3,4-dihydro-form of the coenzyme when reduced with borohydride; the enzyme stabilizes the p-quinoid anionic form of 6-OH-FAD and lowers its pKa more than two pH units below the value observed for the free flavin. The general properties of the enzyme thus resemble those of the dehydrogenase/oxidase class of flavoprotein, particularly those of the amino acid oxidases.
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/181304
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