The soluble NAD(P)H:(quinone-acceptor) oxidoreductase [NAD(P)H-QR, EC 1.6.99.2] of Nicotiana tabacum L. leaves and roots has been purified. NAD(P)H-QR contains noncovalently bound flavin mononucleotide. Pairs of subunits of 21.4 kD are linked together by disulfide bridges, but the active enzyme is a homotetramer of 94 to 100 kD showing an isoelectric point of 5.1. NAD(P)H-QR is a B-stereospecific dehydrogenase. NADH and NADPH are electron donors of similar efficiency with K(cat):K(m) ratios (with duroquinone) of 6.2 x 107 and 8.0 x 107 M-1 s-1, respectively. Hydrophilic quinones are good electron acceptors, although ferricyanide and dichlorophenolindophenol are also reduced. The quinones are converted to hydroquinones by an obligatory two-electron transfer. No spectral evidence for a flavin semiquinone was detected following anaerobic photoreduction. Cibacron blue and 7-iodo-acridone-4-carboxylic acid are inhibitory. Tobacco NAD(P)H-QR resembles animal DT-diaphorase in some respects (identical reaction mechanism with a two-electron transfer to quinones, unusually high catalytic capability, and donor and acceptor substrate specificity), but it differs from DT-diaphorase in molecular structure, flavin cofactor, stereospecificity, and sensitivity to inhibitors. As in the case with DT- diaphorase in animals, the main NAD(P)H-QR function in plant cells may be the reduction of quinones to quinols, which prevents the production of semiquinones and oxygen radicals. The enzyme appears to belong to a widespread group of plant and fungal flavoproteins found in different cell compartments that are able to reduce quinones.

NADP(H):(quinone acceptor) oxidoreductase of tobacco leaves is an FMN containing flavoenzyme / F. Sparla, G. Tedeschi, P. Trost. - In: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0032-0889. - 112:1(1996), pp. 249-258.

NADP(H):(quinone acceptor) oxidoreductase of tobacco leaves is an FMN containing flavoenzyme

G. Tedeschi
Secondo
;
1996

Abstract

The soluble NAD(P)H:(quinone-acceptor) oxidoreductase [NAD(P)H-QR, EC 1.6.99.2] of Nicotiana tabacum L. leaves and roots has been purified. NAD(P)H-QR contains noncovalently bound flavin mononucleotide. Pairs of subunits of 21.4 kD are linked together by disulfide bridges, but the active enzyme is a homotetramer of 94 to 100 kD showing an isoelectric point of 5.1. NAD(P)H-QR is a B-stereospecific dehydrogenase. NADH and NADPH are electron donors of similar efficiency with K(cat):K(m) ratios (with duroquinone) of 6.2 x 107 and 8.0 x 107 M-1 s-1, respectively. Hydrophilic quinones are good electron acceptors, although ferricyanide and dichlorophenolindophenol are also reduced. The quinones are converted to hydroquinones by an obligatory two-electron transfer. No spectral evidence for a flavin semiquinone was detected following anaerobic photoreduction. Cibacron blue and 7-iodo-acridone-4-carboxylic acid are inhibitory. Tobacco NAD(P)H-QR resembles animal DT-diaphorase in some respects (identical reaction mechanism with a two-electron transfer to quinones, unusually high catalytic capability, and donor and acceptor substrate specificity), but it differs from DT-diaphorase in molecular structure, flavin cofactor, stereospecificity, and sensitivity to inhibitors. As in the case with DT- diaphorase in animals, the main NAD(P)H-QR function in plant cells may be the reduction of quinones to quinols, which prevents the production of semiquinones and oxygen radicals. The enzyme appears to belong to a widespread group of plant and fungal flavoproteins found in different cell compartments that are able to reduce quinones.
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/181178
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