NAD(P)H: quinone-acceptor oxidoreductase (EC 1.6.99.2), also referred to as DT-diaphorase, is a flavoprotein that catalyzes the two-electron reduction of quinones and quinonoid compounds to hydroquinones, using either NADH or NADPH as the electron donor. Using an Escherichia coli expression system developed previously, we prepared three mutants of the rat liver quinone reductase. These mutants are Lys-113-His (K113H), Lys-113-Asp (K113D), and Lys-113-Ala (K113A). While the mutant K113H was readily purified using the same procedure as for the purification of the wild-type quinone reductase and found to have an activity similar to that of the wild-type enzyme, K113D and K113A were purified only in very small quantities, mainly in the form of apoprotein, and had very low activities. The results suggest that a positively charged amino acid at this position is important for the binding of the flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) prosthetic group. Flavin spectral studies of 6-mercapto-FAD-reconstituted mutants revealed that mutation at Lys-113 affects the protein environment around position-6 of the isoalloxazine ring.

A site-directed mutagenesis study at Lys-113 of NAD(P)H: quinone-acceptor oxidoreductase: an involvement of Lys-113 in the binding of the flavin adenine dinucleotide prosthetic group / G. Tedeschi, P. Deng, H-H. Chen, G. L. Forrest, V. Massey, S. Chen. - In: ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS. - ISSN 0003-9861. - 321:1(1995), pp. 76-82.

A site-directed mutagenesis study at Lys-113 of NAD(P)H: quinone-acceptor oxidoreductase: an involvement of Lys-113 in the binding of the flavin adenine dinucleotide prosthetic group

G. Tedeschi;
1995

Abstract

NAD(P)H: quinone-acceptor oxidoreductase (EC 1.6.99.2), also referred to as DT-diaphorase, is a flavoprotein that catalyzes the two-electron reduction of quinones and quinonoid compounds to hydroquinones, using either NADH or NADPH as the electron donor. Using an Escherichia coli expression system developed previously, we prepared three mutants of the rat liver quinone reductase. These mutants are Lys-113-His (K113H), Lys-113-Asp (K113D), and Lys-113-Ala (K113A). While the mutant K113H was readily purified using the same procedure as for the purification of the wild-type quinone reductase and found to have an activity similar to that of the wild-type enzyme, K113D and K113A were purified only in very small quantities, mainly in the form of apoprotein, and had very low activities. The results suggest that a positively charged amino acid at this position is important for the binding of the flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) prosthetic group. Flavin spectral studies of 6-mercapto-FAD-reconstituted mutants revealed that mutation at Lys-113 affects the protein environment around position-6 of the isoalloxazine ring.
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/181164
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