The aim of this study was to characterize the plasma lipoprotein pattern and some aspects of cholesterol metabolism in a line of hyperlipemic male rats. Plasma cholesterol and triglycerides were increased about 3-fold as compared to control animals (238 vs. 75 and 185 vs. 59 mg/dl respectively). The plasma lipoprotein distribution and the chemical composition of the isolated lipoproteins was unaffected. Plasma triglyceride production rate was increased (40%, P less than 0.01) and post-heparin lipoprotein lipase activity in plasma decreased (-28%, P less than 0.01) in the hyperlipemic rat. The activity of 3 enzymes involved in cholesterol metabolism (HMG-CoA reductase, cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase, and acyl-CoA cholesterol-acyltransferase) did not differ from control values. 3H2O incorporation into digitonin-precipitable sterols, however, was significantly higher than in controls. This finding was due, in part, to an increased liver weight in the hyperlipemic animals. Furthermore kinetic data using 125I-LDL showed that the fractional catabolic rate of lipoprotein was within the normal range, while the synthetic rate of LDL protein was increased (0.67 vs. 0.3 mg/kg/h, P less than 0.01) in the hyperlipemic rat. These observations suggest that multiple metabolic defects underline the hyperlipemia observed in this animal model.
Plasma lipoproteins and cholesterol metabolism in spontaneously hyperlipemic rats / S. Fantappiè, M. Crestani, E. Bosisio, G. Galli, F.M. Maggi, A. Corsini, A.L. Catapano. - In: ATHEROSCLEROSIS. - ISSN 0021-9150. - 76:2-3(1989), pp. 163-171.
|Titolo:||Plasma lipoproteins and cholesterol metabolism in spontaneously hyperlipemic rats|
CRESTANI, MAURIZIO (Secondo)
CORSINI, ALBERTO (Penultimo)
CATAPANO, ALBERICO LUIGI (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||ACAT; Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase; Hepatic lipase; HMG-CoA reductase; Lipoprotein lipase; Lipoprotein receptor|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9150(89)90100-7|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|