The reactive intermediate formed by 5-lipoxygenase metabolism of arachidonic acid, leukotriene A4, is known to be released from cells and subsequently taken up by other cells for biochemical processing. The objective of this study was to determine the relative amount of leukotriene A4 synthesized by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) that is available for transcellular biosynthetic processes. This was accomplished by diluting cell suspensions and measuring the relative amounts of enzymatic versus nonenzymatic leukotriene A4-derived metabolites after challenge with the Ca2+ ionophore A23187. Nonenzymatic leukotriene A4-derived metabolites were used as a quantitative index of the amount of leukotriene A4 released into the extracellular milieu. The results obtained demonstrated that in human PMNL, the relative amounts of nonenzymatic versus enzymatic leukotriene A4-derived metabolites increased with decreasing cell concentrations. After a 20-fold dilution of PMNL in cell preparations, a doubling in the amount of nonenzymatic leukotriene A4-derived metabolites was observed following challenge (from 53.9 ± 1.3 to 110.4 ± 8.9 pmol/106 PMNL, p < 0.01). Reduction of possible cell-cell interactions by dilution suggested that over 50% of leukotriene A4 synthesized is released from the PMNL. These data provide evidence that, in human PMNL preparations, transfer of leukotriene A4 to neighboring PMNL is taking place, resulting in additional formation of leukotriene B4 and its ω-oxidized metabolites 20-hydroxy- and 20-carboxy- leukotriene B4. Neutrophil reuptake of extracellular leukotriene A4 leads to an underestimation of the fraction of leukotriene A4 that is in fact available for transcellular metabolism when tight cell-cell interactions occur, such as during PMNL adhesion to the microvascular endothelium and diapedesis.

Release of leukotriene A4 versus leukotriene B4 from human polymorphonuclear leukocytes / A. Sala, M. Bolla, S. Zarini, R. Muller-Peddinghaus, G. Folco. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - 271:30(1996), pp. 17944-17948.

Release of leukotriene A4 versus leukotriene B4 from human polymorphonuclear leukocytes

A. Sala
Primo
;
1996

Abstract

The reactive intermediate formed by 5-lipoxygenase metabolism of arachidonic acid, leukotriene A4, is known to be released from cells and subsequently taken up by other cells for biochemical processing. The objective of this study was to determine the relative amount of leukotriene A4 synthesized by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL) that is available for transcellular biosynthetic processes. This was accomplished by diluting cell suspensions and measuring the relative amounts of enzymatic versus nonenzymatic leukotriene A4-derived metabolites after challenge with the Ca2+ ionophore A23187. Nonenzymatic leukotriene A4-derived metabolites were used as a quantitative index of the amount of leukotriene A4 released into the extracellular milieu. The results obtained demonstrated that in human PMNL, the relative amounts of nonenzymatic versus enzymatic leukotriene A4-derived metabolites increased with decreasing cell concentrations. After a 20-fold dilution of PMNL in cell preparations, a doubling in the amount of nonenzymatic leukotriene A4-derived metabolites was observed following challenge (from 53.9 ± 1.3 to 110.4 ± 8.9 pmol/106 PMNL, p < 0.01). Reduction of possible cell-cell interactions by dilution suggested that over 50% of leukotriene A4 synthesized is released from the PMNL. These data provide evidence that, in human PMNL preparations, transfer of leukotriene A4 to neighboring PMNL is taking place, resulting in additional formation of leukotriene B4 and its ω-oxidized metabolites 20-hydroxy- and 20-carboxy- leukotriene B4. Neutrophil reuptake of extracellular leukotriene A4 leads to an underestimation of the fraction of leukotriene A4 that is in fact available for transcellular metabolism when tight cell-cell interactions occur, such as during PMNL adhesion to the microvascular endothelium and diapedesis.
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/180865
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