In order to study the haemodynamics of reperfusion injury in the posthypoxaemic heart, we exposed buffer-perfused isolated rat hearts to either: (1) 20-minute low-flow ischaemia or (2) 20-minute hypoxaemia followed by re-oxygenation and further ischaemia/reperfusion. In group 2, the myocardial contractility recovered less (p < 0.002) than in group 1. This model therefore represents with sufficient reliability the clinical situation where hypoxaemic hearts are re-oxgenated before ischaemia/reperfusion and receive more severe injury than hearts exposed to ischaemia/reperfusion only. To locate the major site of the injury, further data were obtained (1) with infusion of superoxide dismutase and catalase during hypoxaemia and in the first five minutes of re-oxygenation, and (2) by eliminating re-oxygenation. It appears that the major determinant of reperfusion injury in hypoxaemic hearts is to be looked for in the events underlying hypoxaemia or re-oxygenation, and is mediated by oxygen-derived free radicals.
|Titolo:||Ischaemia/reperfusion in the posthypoxaemic re-oxygenated myocardium: haemodynamic study in the isolated perfused rat heart|
SAMAJA, MICHELE (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1177/026765919300800115|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|