Eukaryotic organisms are influenced by gravitational forces in their environment. The low gravitational forces endured by organisms in space alter cellular processes in cultured mammalian cells. Endothelial cells represent an interesting model to study because of their crucial role in the pathogenesis of various diseases, from atherosclerosis to inflammation to any situation characterized by dysregulated angiogenesis. We therefore cultured human endothelial cells derived from the umbilical vein in Rotating Wall Vessels (RWV) that simulate microgravity on earth. Under these experimental conditions, cells are viable and no increase in apoptotic rate was observed. They grow reproducibly faster than controls up to 8 days from seeding. Because endothelial proliferation is crucial in angiogenesis, we evaluated other steps required for new blood vessels to form. We found no variations in the levels of metalloproteases and an increased synthesis of their inhibitors (TIMP), suggesting that hypogravity does not induce a pro-angiogenic phenotype. Since i) alterations of blood pressure have been observed in astronauts and ii) endothelial cell synthesize vasoactive molecules, we evaluated the synthesis of nitric oxide and prostacyclin, both potent vasodilators and inhibitors of platelet aggregation. We observed that human endothelial cells grown in hypogravity synthesize higher amounts of prostacyclin and nitric oxide than controls. More studies are ongoing to understand the molecular basis of these events and their role in altering the physiology of the vascular tree.

Modulation of human endothelial cell behaviour in simulated microgravity / S. CARLSSON, M.T.S. BERTILACCIO, I. ASCARI, S. BRADAMANTE, J.A.M. MAIER. - In: JOURNAL OF GRAVITATIONAL PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1077-9248. - 9:501(2002), pp. 273-274.

Modulation of human endothelial cell behaviour in simulated microgravity

J.A.M. MAIER
Ultimo
2002

Abstract

Eukaryotic organisms are influenced by gravitational forces in their environment. The low gravitational forces endured by organisms in space alter cellular processes in cultured mammalian cells. Endothelial cells represent an interesting model to study because of their crucial role in the pathogenesis of various diseases, from atherosclerosis to inflammation to any situation characterized by dysregulated angiogenesis. We therefore cultured human endothelial cells derived from the umbilical vein in Rotating Wall Vessels (RWV) that simulate microgravity on earth. Under these experimental conditions, cells are viable and no increase in apoptotic rate was observed. They grow reproducibly faster than controls up to 8 days from seeding. Because endothelial proliferation is crucial in angiogenesis, we evaluated other steps required for new blood vessels to form. We found no variations in the levels of metalloproteases and an increased synthesis of their inhibitors (TIMP), suggesting that hypogravity does not induce a pro-angiogenic phenotype. Since i) alterations of blood pressure have been observed in astronauts and ii) endothelial cell synthesize vasoactive molecules, we evaluated the synthesis of nitric oxide and prostacyclin, both potent vasodilators and inhibitors of platelet aggregation. We observed that human endothelial cells grown in hypogravity synthesize higher amounts of prostacyclin and nitric oxide than controls. More studies are ongoing to understand the molecular basis of these events and their role in altering the physiology of the vascular tree.
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/180672
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